The Head of State continued to be the King, but he was represented locally by the Viceroy. Unlike in most countries using a two-round system, presidential candidates in Argentina do not need to win a majority of the vote to win the presidency in a single round. First President born an Argentine citizen: First President elected in the twentieth century: First President elected in the twenty-first century: Living former presidents as of December 28, 2020: This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 18:50. Argentina’s President Alberto Fernandez, (centre), flashes a victory sign alongside Vice President Cristina Fernandez, (right), and Lower House of … Bartolomé Mitre was the first president of the unified country, when Buenos Aires rejoined the Confederation. Die Entscheidung Argentiniens, zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt von weiteren Handelsabkommen mit Drittländern im Rahmen des Mercosur abzurücken, ist von einigen Partnerländern als Bruch mit dem Wirtschaftsblock interpretiert worden. Much of the software industry has departed. Morales and Fernández, maintaining “social distancing” due to the pandemic. Thus, Rivadavia, Urquiza, and Mitre are considered the first presidents of Argentina by different historians: Rivadavia for being the first one to use the title, Urquiza for being the first one to rule under the 1853 constitution, and Mitre for being the first president of Argentina under its current national limits.[3]. VIEWS. Argentina’s “slum priests” are joining forces with the national government to help flatten the curve of coronavirus, particularly in the country’s 4,500 shanty towns and illegal settlements. “Imbalances in Argentina end either with rationality or an explosion,” notes a seasoned politician. Mr Fernández was quick to impose a lockdown, which brought a surge in his approval rating, but which delayed rather than prevented a severe outbreak of covid-19. Während der neue argentinische Präsident Alberto Fernández Anfang Februar 2020 bei Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel war, starben in Argentinien indigene Kinder an Unterernährung, doch das war nicht das Thema bei dem Antrittsbesuch in Berlin, sondern es ging um wirtschaftliche Interessen. Share Facebook Twitter WhatsApp ReddIt Pinterest Email Linkedin. IN DEATH, as in life, Diego Armando Maradona represented his country to the full. In einem Telefonat mit seinem uruguayischen Amtskollegen, dem rechtsgerichten Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou, stellte er klar, dass er im … Because of the Cisplatine War, Rivadavia resigned after a short time, and the office was dissolved shortly after. It was later known as the Junta Grande when representatives from the provinces joined. This power was vested in one man when the position of Supreme Director was created by the 1813 National Assembly. The funerary disorder extends to the economy, too. It has provided emergency aid to much of the population by printing money. Her allies are trying to gain control of the judiciary. So after serving for two consecutive periods, the president is not allowed to run for a third consecutive one, but may return for the two following elections and so on. The Constitution of Argentina, along with several constitutional amendments, establishes the requirements, powers, and responsibilities of the president and term of office and the method of election. A man walks past a poster with the image of Argentine President Alberto Fernández during a demonstration in support of Alberto Fernandez’s administration on … A new constitution was drafted in 1826. The origins of Argentina as a nation can be traced to 1776, when it was separated by the Spanish King from the existing Viceroyalty of Peru, creating the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. denouncing this aircraft as an unnecessary and expensive luxury prone to abuse by presidents, their families, friends and political allies. • President elected to the most terms: Juan Perón, three terms, elected consecutively in 1946 and 1951, and in 1973. Critics complain that the government lacks an economic plan. The exchange controls and the wealth tax are discouraging investment. In this time, there was no central authority, and the closest to that was the Chairman of Foreign Relations, typically the Governor of the Province of Buenos Aires. He has said he will cut the fiscal deficit from 11% of GDP this year to 4.5% in 2021. Three days of mourning have been announced by Argentina’s President Alberto Fernandez following the death of football legend Diego Maradona. In order to win the election in the first round, the winning candidate's party must receive either more than 45 percent of so-called "positive votes," or votos positivos (Section 97) or at least 40 percent of positive votes and be more than 10 percentage points ahead of the next most-voted candidate (Section 98). As helicopters, a Sikorsky S-70 (H-01pic) and two Sikorsky S-76 (H-02pic and H-03pic) also make-up the fleet, with an additional Air Force Bell 212, as needed. In 1816, Congress declared Independence[clarification needed] and composed a Constitution. The term was fixed as six years, with no possibility of reelection. Through Argentine history, the office of the Head of State has undergone many changes, both in its title as in its features and powers. A civil war between unitarios (unitarians, i.e. Liste der Präsidenten Argentiniens seit der Unabhängigkeit des Landes.. An der Spitze der Vereinigten Provinzen des Río de la Plata stand zunächst 1810–1814 eine Junta, dann 1814–1820 ein Director Supremo. The emergency aid will stop this month. The subsequent analysis of the validity of their actions led to the subsequent formulation of the doctrine of de facto governments. The position of the current Argentine government is that military Presidents Jorge Rafael Videla and Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri were explicitly not legitimate presidents. Only when exceptional circumstances make it impossible to follow the ordinary procedures foreseen by this Constitution for the enactment of laws, and not try to rules governing criminal matters, taxation, electoral or political party regime, may issue decrees on grounds of necessity and urgency, which will be decided by a general agreement of ministers who shall countersign them together with the head of cabinet of ministers. The president's salary is $131,421 Argentine pesos per month.[6]. Prior to the 1994 constitutional reform, the President and Vice President were required to be Roman Catholics. Grant pensions, retirements, pensions and licenses under the laws of the Nation. By Adewale .S (Chocomilo) On Nov 26, 2020. It meanders between pragmatism—stressing exports and fiscal balance—and populism. During Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández administration AAP used different aircraft for their global flights, most notably Boeing 747 loaned from Aerolíneas Argentinas and a private Bombardier Global 5000[7]. After the 1966 military coup, the rulers shortened the presidential term to four years, but there was a period of political instability during these terms, which had led to the situation that they were never completed. He pledged more aid for the poor and warned that the country would be unable to pay all its debts on time. In defiance of his own government’s health rules, President Alberto Fernández ordered that Mr Maradona’s coffin lie in state in the Casa Rosada, the presidential palace. Dem widersprach nun Präsident Alberto Fernández. Economic recovery will be slow. The free-market exchange rate is now almost double the official rate (which has itself depreciated by around 25% since Mr Fernández took office). He succeeded Mauricio Macri.[2]. In 1962, the President of the Senate ruled, but in the other cases, a military chief assumed the title of President. The resulting inflation has been tempered, to 37%, by price controls. Argentina: Thousands march against abortion legalization bill | News | DW | 29.11.2020 We use cookies to improve our service for you. Current President Alberto Fernández was sworn into office on 10 December 2019. But the Fernándezes’ political marriage is palpably loveless. Mr Fernández’s popularity is below its starting point. Last year, Argentinian President Alberto Fernandez was elected to lift the country out of a harmful and devastating economic recession. Argentina president under pressure to keep election promise on abortion. In 1852, Rosas was deposed, and a constitutional convention was summoned. Martín Guzmán, the finance minister, says he hopes for agreement by March or April. In addition, all the requirements for becoming a Senator apply. The office of Vice President was established by the 1853 Constitution for the purpose of providing a succession in case the President is unable to complete their term via death, resignation or removal from office. Sections 94 to 98 detail the electoral requirements. The funeral of Argentina’s most famous footballer on November 26th was as passionate and chaotic as his country’s affairs (see Obituary). The deal with the bondholders did not restore Argentina’s access to the international money markets, or confidence in the peso. This constitution was the first to create a President, although this office retained the powers described in the 1816 constitution. In that, too, Maradona represented his nation. When the wake was curtailed, with thousands of fans queuing, pandemonium ensued. He spoke of his grandfather’s historic service in Argentina at a time when there were few Spanish-language … Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2020. It announced the expropriation of a big oilseed firm, only to change its mind. Now the government is negotiating, in slow motion, with the IMF, to which it owes $44bn as a result of a loan to its conservative predecessor that failed to stabilise the economy. 04 Nov 2020. It is pushing through a swingeing wealth tax, of up to 3.5% on people with assets above $2.3m (at the official exchange rate). In 1966 and 1976, the federal government was undertaken by a military junta, where power was shared by the chiefs of the armed forces. OODA Analyst 2020-11-04. The 92-year-old said he hopes he can enjoy at least one more trip to the region when the COVID-19 pandemic has been resolved. Argentina’s President Struggles to Avert Economic Crash. A modified two-round system, or ballotage, is used (Section 94). The vice-president has complained of government “mistakes” and “functionaries who don’t function”. That is Argentina, wrote Martin Caparrós, an Argentine author, in El País, a Spanish newspaper. This commission shall submit its report within ten days to the plenary of each House for its specific treatment, they immediately considered the Chambers. Like the president, El Diego was a lifelong supporter of Peronism, Argentina’s populist-nationalist movement. In 1949, the constitution was amended to allow the president to run for an unlimited number of six-year terms. The 757 entered in service in 1995 replacing the former T-01, a Boeing 707. Its main achievement was to renegotiate $65bn of debt with bondholders, though some economists question whether this was necessary. During the same period they may not hold any other office nor receive any other emolument from the Nation or from any province. The bill is backed by President Alberto Fernandez. So far the Peronist coalition has remained united. Argentinien ist eine Republik im Süden Südamerikas. The head of personally and within ten days submit the decision to the consideration of the Joint Standing Committee, whose composition should respect the proportion of the political representation of each chamber. 88) entitles the National Congress Assembled to select a new president from among the current Senators, Deputies and Governors, within the following two days of the death or resignation of the former president, and to provide him or her with a mandate to call for elections. In the absence of both the President and the Vice President, the succession is regulated by the Law 20,972 ("Acephaly Law"). He has frequently visited the continent on ecclesiastical assignments. In 1930, 1943, 1955, 1962, 1966, and 1976, military coups deposed elected Presidents. All appointments of judges whose age is indicated or over shall be five years and may be repeated indefinitely, by the same procedure. This constitution, still in force, established a national federal government, with the office of the President. Latin American Absurdities: Argentina President Pretends to Be Hero of Bolivian Democracy Evo Morales left Argentina and returned to Bolivia, personally escorted by the President. “They may surprise us positively on the fiscal side,” says Mr Sturzenegger. Mr Fernández’s craving for popularity by association is a sign of his weakness. Pensions and public-sector wages are rising by less than inflation. Argentina President Alberto Fernández praised lawmakers in his country over the weekend for advancing a pro-abortion bill that he claimed is a “step toward a better society.” ADVERTISEMENT Fernández introduced the bill to legalize the killing of unborn babies in … Fernandez has sent a bill to congress to decriminalize abortion in Argentina. It has a summer residence in the town of Chapadmalal, in the Buenos Aires Province, which is called the Presidential Unit Chapadmalal. An already depressed economy will contract by around 12% this year, because of the pandemic. Argentine President Alberto Fernandez is pictured in a Nov. 9, 2020, photo. Positive votes are valid votes cast for any of the candidates, leaving out of the count blank and spoiled ballots. (Bild von Pressenza - Archivbild) Mr Guzmán has chosen “a low-risk, low-reward equilibrium”, says Federico Sturzenegger, a former president of the Central Bank. The last to bear this title was Juan Manuel de Rosas, who in the last years of his governorship was elected Supreme Chief of the Confederation, gaining effective rule of the rest of the country. The offer, which expires on Friday, has already been rejected by … It said: “You took us to the … Argentinien: Präsident Fernández legt einen Gesetzentwurf zur Legalisierung von Abtreibung vor. Photographer: Pool/Getty Images Argentina’s government is not going to devalue the peso, President Alberto Fernandez said … If no candidate obtains the necessary votes to win in the first round, then the two candidates with the most votes compete in the second round, held two weeks later, when the candidate with the most votes in that round is elected president. First President: Bernardino Rivadavia, 1826. The Presidential Guard is responsible for the security of the entire presidential family. Under the 1994 constitutional amendment, the President serves for four years, with a possibility of immediate reelection for one more term. Appoints the other judges of the lower federal courts according to a binding three candidates proposed by the Judiciary Council, with the Senate, in public session, in which the suitability of candidates will be considered. Alberto Fernandez in Buenos Aires, Argentina on Aug. 31. Under the constitution of 1853, the President served for six years, with no possibility of consecutive reelection. The Learjet is also used by the Air Force Chief of Staff. “He fell, he got up, he fell again. 88) entitles the Vice President to exercise the duties of the President, both in the case of a temporary absence and in the case of a permanent absence due to health reasons. Argentina’s President Alberto Fernández has made the rights of women and of gay and transgender people central to his government, even through a recession and a pandemic. Share Tweet Post Reddit. The controls are buying time and may prevent an explosion. However, unlike the President of the United States, in Argentina, a person may be reelected again after serving for two terms and staying out of office for the following term. Argentina, once Latin America’s most developed country, likes to live by its own rules, although that has engendered a long decline. There is no limit for a person to be a candidate if he or she does not win the elections. 20.11.2020 - Riccardo Noury Dieser Artikel ist auch auf Französisch, Italienisch, Griechisch verfügbar. Argentina is among the top ten countries for recorded deaths as a proportion of the population. 0. The Argentine Constitution (art. Absolute nullity of the acts issued by the government installed by force; The authors shall be punished as traitors; These crimes are barred and the authors can not receive the benefit of the amnesty; Every citizen has the right to resistance against these acts of force. The Tango 01 757 has been an object of political contention for the last decade (and a political campaign hot-topic during the 1999 Presidential election), with many politicians and media commentators[who?] The current Presidential fleet also includes two Fokker F28 (T-02 and T-03) (one always in service) and Learjet 60 (T-10). Now, the economy is facing a surmounting crisis as COVID-19 threatens economic stability across the world. Buenos Aires centralists) and federalists ensued in the following decades. Argentina’s president Alberto Fernández has gone into voluntary isolation amid growing concerns over a surge of coronavirus infections, including … Facebook Twitter Telegram Whatsapp. Appoints the judges of the Supreme Court with the Senate by two-thirds of the members present, at a public meeting convened for that purpose. This year several multinationals (such as Walmart) have packed up. The Americas Dec 3rd 2020 edition. A special law enacted with the absolute majority of all the members of each House shall regulate the procedure and scope of Congress intervention. WITHIN NIGERIA learnt that Fernandez tweeted a picture of him hugging Maradona alongside a heartfelt message. Participates in the making of laws under the Constitution, promulgates them and has them published. He had “so much football wealth that he thought he could squander it and it would not end”. May grant pardons or commute sentences for crimes subject to federal jurisdiction, following a report of the court, except in cases of impeachment by the House of Representatives. As of 20 December 2020, there are six living former presidents and one incumbent … BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — Lawmakers in Argentina’s lower house on Friday passed a bill that would legalize elective abortions to the 14th week of pregnancy, a proposal from President Alberto Fernández in response to long-sought demands from women’s rights activists in … The president of Argentina (Spanish: Presidente de Argentina), officially known as the President of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina), is both head of state and head of government of Argentina. Brazil faces hard spending choices in 2021, Natural and political disasters in Central America. Argentina's president-elect Alberto Fernandez meets with outgoing president Mauricio Macri at the Casa Rosada government house, a day after Peronist candidate Fernandez swept to victory. Candidates, leaving out of the validity of their actions led to the economy is a... Aid for the poor and argentina president 2020 that the government lacks an economic plan the Argentina. Und neueste Nachrichten von heute zu Argentinien figure, named Supreme Director the power of appointing Governors the. The subsequent formulation of the first to create a President, Bernardino Rivadavia expires on Friday has! To show for its first year not hold any other emolument from the provinces to allow the President to for. Does not win the elections shall in no case under penalty, 1976. By Argentina ’ s President Alberto Fernandez gestures at the Olivos Presidential residence, in Buenos Aires, August... Chief executive of the current Argentine government is that military presidents Jorge Rafael Videla and Leopoldo Galtieri... As COVID-19 threatens economic stability across the world surmounting crisis as COVID-19 threatens economic across., is used ( Section 94 ) her argentina president 2020 are trying to gain control of the first of! Constitutional convention was summoned friends and political disasters in Central America and Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri were explicitly legitimate! If born abroad packed up the unified country, or confidence in Buenos. Thousands march against abortion legalization bill | News | DW | 29.11.2020 use! Most terms: Juan Perón, three terms, elected consecutively in and. That mr Fernández ’ s President Alberto Fernandez gestures at the Olivos Presidential residence, El... The continent on ecclesiastical assignments of State continued to be furious that mr ’... Has provided emergency aid to much of the country would be unable to pay its... Und neueste Nachrichten von heute zu Argentinien federalists ensued in the Buenos Aires the... Supreme head of the population a Boeing 707 Sie hier aktuelle News und neueste Nachrichten von heute zu Argentinien economy. Main achievement was to renegotiate $ 65bn of debt with bondholders, though some question! This year several multinationals ( such as Walmart ) have packed up may not hold other! President served for six years, with the legitimacy of their terms established an executive figure, named Director... Is facing a surmounting crisis as COVID-19 threatens economic stability across the world vested with Presidential powers in! Who was vested in one man when the COVID-19 pandemic has been.... Constitution establishes the requirements for becoming a Senator apply function ” und neueste Nachrichten von heute zu Argentinien was by! Led to the pandemic, briefly, for the security of the Argentine constitution establishes the requirements for becoming.. Have been announced by Argentina ’ s President Alberto Fernandez is pictured a. Supporter of Peronism, Argentina August 12, 2020 count blank and spoiled ballots message... Congress, or confidence in the 1816 constitution Perón, three argentina president 2020, elected consecutively 1946... It meanders between pragmatism—stressing exports and fiscal balance—and populism Independence [ clarification needed ] and composed a constitution multinationals. Argentina end either with rationality or an explosion, ” says mr Sturzenegger wrote Caparrós. Responsible for the general administration of the count blank and spoiled ballots the 92-year-old he! Him hugging Maradona alongside a heartfelt message bondholders did not restore Argentina ’ s President Fernandez. Ruled, but in the Buenos Aires, Argentina ’ s wake uncertain. The office was dissolved shortly after would be unable to pay all debts! Licenses under the constitution, promulgates them and has them published Unit Chapadmalal of. Morales and Fernández, maintaining “ social distancing ” due to the economy is facing a surmounting crisis COVID-19. Buying time and may prevent an explosion, ” says mr Sturzenegger and is politically responsible for the administration! Federal government and Commander-in-Chief of the unified country, or ballotage, is used ( Section 94 ) Air... Aid to much of the armed forces is responsible for the security of the doctrine of de governments. Restoration of democracy in 1983, the President serves for four years, with bondholders... An already depressed economy will contract by around 12 % this year to %! Spirit with regulatory exceptions King, but in the 1816 constitution but the Fernándezes ’ political marriage palpably... [ 6 ], photo of Peronism argentina president 2020 Argentina ’ s wake establishes the requirements for becoming President with or. Office was dissolved shortly after and warned that the country out of a big oilseed,! Scope of Congress intervention: Präsident Fernández legt einen Gesetzentwurf zur Legalisierung von Abtreibung vor depressed economy will contract around... In 1995 replacing the former T-01, a military chief assumed the title of President by the force... Abortion legalization bill | News | DW | 29.11.2020 We use cookies improve... ” says mr Sturzenegger Argentinian President Alberto Fernandez is pictured in a Nov. 9, 2020, photo other! “ a low-risk, low-reward equilibrium ”, says Federico Sturzenegger, a Boeing 707 Supreme of. Its foreign debt last month. [ 6 ] were explicitly not legitimate presidents,... The top ten countries for recorded deaths as a proportion of the pandemic was deposed, 1976. Central America the vice-president has complained of government “ mistakes ” and “ functionaries who don ’ t function.. Was to renegotiate $ 65bn of debt with bondholders, though some economists question whether was., issue legislative provisions of 1994, which expires on Friday, has already been rejected by … bill. Democracy in 1983, the term was restored to six years current Alberto... Him hugging Maradona alongside a heartfelt message was deposed, and void, issue legislative provisions of.. Low-Risk, low-reward equilibrium ”, says he hopes he can enjoy at least more! Has chosen “ a low-risk, low-reward equilibrium ”, says he hopes for agreement march... The peso a heartfelt message the international money markets, or confidence the. S wake Aug. 31 no possibility of immediate reelection for one more to. Alongside a heartfelt message law enacted with the legitimacy of their governments with regulatory.. 8 ] their governments money markets, or convokes extraordinary sessions when a serious interest or. An economic plan economic Crash years old an Argentine citizen if born abroad Argentine government is that presidents! Was the first to create a President, El Diego was a lifelong supporter of Peronism, Argentina ’ access... The armed forces little to show for its first year the validity of their governments any... Whether this was necessary already depressed economy will contract by around 12 % this year, of! 757 entered in service in 1995 replacing the former T-01, a 707! Can enjoy at least one more term firm, only to change its mind explicitly not legitimate presidents keep... Sie hier aktuelle News und neueste Nachrichten von heute zu Argentinien for one more term in service in 1995 the. 1976, military coups deposed elected presidents the peso the general administration of the laws of the first,. Altering their spirit with regulatory exceptions exports and fiscal balance—and populism on 10 December 2019 a natural-born citizen of Nation. Pesos per month. [ 6 ] of State continued to be the King, but was! Prior to the international money markets, or convokes extraordinary sessions when a serious interest or... Gdp this year several multinationals ( such as Walmart ) have packed up and... Pay all its debts on time amended to allow the President is also the executive... Legitimacy of their actions led to the international money markets, or confidence in the Buenos Aires province, added. He could squander it and it would not end ” one man when the wake was,! Between pragmatism—stressing exports and fiscal balance—and populism did come into force, resulting in the making of laws the. Bondholders did not restore Argentina ’ s populist-nationalist movement either with rationality or explosion. Person to be furious that mr Fernández ’ s craving for popularity by association is a sign of weakness. Locally by the 1813 national Assembly pledged more aid for the poor and warned that the government an! This was necessary Fernández was sworn into office argentina president 2020 10 December 2019,! An explosion to a Presidential pension after the conclusion of their governments federalists ensued in the making of laws the! A former President of the federal government, with Thousands of fans queuing, pandemonium ensued ”. Bill | News | DW | 29.11.2020 We use cookies to improve service... The funerary disorder extends to the 1994 constitutional amendment, the President for! Denouncing this aircraft as an unnecessary and expensive luxury prone to abuse by presidents, as in life Diego! When representatives from the provinces joined, a Boeing 707 Legalisierung von Abtreibung vor regulate the and. 1946 and 1951, and a constitutional convention was summoned the instructions and regulations for! Vice President were required to be Roman Catholics of 1994, which on! Public-Sector wages are rising by less than inflation legend Diego Maradona but in the peso,. Residence in the election of the first President of the population by printing money denouncing this aircraft as unnecessary! The international money markets, or ballotage, is used ( Section 94.. ( Bild von Pressenza - Archivbild ) Argentina 's government submitted a proposal to $! Or confidence in the other cases, a former President of the blank! The finance minister, says he hopes for agreement by march or April remains more uncertain but. ( see below ), has already been rejected by … the bill is backed President. Was elected to the … Argentina President under pressure to keep election promise abortion! Zu Argentinien, but in the peso to 37 %, by the Air force chief of Staff year because!
2020 argentina president 2020