Cardiotoxic effects are rare. The castor seed contains ricin, a toxic lectin. Synthetic derivatives of castor oil are administered with other chemotherapy medications to manage breast, lung, ovarian, and skin cancer in patients. Other castor oil side effects include fainting, shortness of breath, and, in rare cases, hallucinations (3). Castor oil supplements are usually in the form of gelatinous capsules. Almond Oil vs Sweet Almond Oil: How to Choose the Best Almond Oil, Fish Oil and Depression: How to Treat Depression with Fish Oil, Amazing Benefits of Tea Tree Oil for Cold Sores, Jojoba Oil for Hair: All Benefits and Applications, What is Corn Oil: Only True Facts about Cooking Oils. Seeds or beans swallowed whole with the hard outer shell intact typically prevent absorption of significant toxin. Castor oil should be avoided in case you suffer from colitis, irritable bowels, diverticulitis, ulcers or hemorrhoids. Additionally, using castor oil as pest control is non-toxic and safe around children and pets. However, harvesting castor beans may not be without risk. However, most patients fail to tolerate its aftertaste and oily texture. The cause of the toxicity in the castor bean plant is a protein called ricin. Castor, Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed), Bookshelf, NCBI, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Ricinoleic acid was suspected to be toxic to humans. It can be anywhere between a light straw color to the color of gold, but not dark brown. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. However, recent research associates multiple side effects with castor oil. Cancer . There are alternative, safer methods to cure your cat’s constipation than using castor oil. Its seed is the It is processed in the small intestine to release an active molecule called ricinoleic acid, along with other products (2). It also contains oleic and linoleic acids. Castor oil for garden use may repel voles, moles and possibly other digging and tunneling animals, such as armadillos. Purified ricin derived from the castor bean is highly toxic and lethal in small doses. Castor oil contraindications and side effects As the International Castor Oil Association notes, studies show that when people were given castor oil at concentrations not over 10% for 3 months they didn’t suffer from any side effects. Also, castor supplements containing other natural herbs may increase the risk of allergies. Castor oil supplements come in gelatinous capsules and are available only on prescription. 4). While it is proven effective, it may come with certain risks so use it extra care. Dr Mercola writes that according to the U.S. FDA and Drug Administration castor oil is regarded as effective and safe. Paclitaxel (with polyoxyethylated castor oil) Injection, MedlinePlus, US National Library of Medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. But rat studies under the National Toxicology Program cleared it, stating that castor oil at concentrations up to 10% in the diet of rats was not toxic. The end goal is to provide our readers with unbiased and well-researched information, helping them make better decisions about their health and life. The dosage is said to make all the difference, and it is best decided by a healthcare provider. Posted by: Nastassia Green in Health and Wellness, Oils: Benefits And Side Effects 0 1,276 Views. Good castor oil is clear and not cloudy. Ingesting four to eight castor beans is said to be lethal to adults, but reports of castor bean poisoning are relatively rare. Treating pests with castor oil is a natural, non-toxic way to repel these unwanted digging animals in your garden without hurting them or causing poisonous chemicals to build up in the garden and ground water. "(Alber and Alber) The "stalked leaves consist of usually eight radiating, pointed leaflets with slightly serrated edges and prominent central veins. Apply to your hair and rinse after half an hour. Castor Bean Plant. Castor oil packs are known to decrease inflammation, liver detoxification, and stimulation of the thyroid gland (beneficial for hypothyroidism). Developmental and reproductive toxicity: Ingredients linked to developmental and reproductive toxicity… 2). Ricin enters cells ribosomes and prevents the synthesis of proteins in the cells killing them. Heating during the oil extraction process denatures and inactivates the protein. He started his career as a research writer, primarily focusing on health and wellness, and has over 250 articles to his credit. These can occur on the site where the oil is applied (5). Ricin, toxic protein (toxalbumin) occurring in the beanlike seeds of the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis). As per an Iranian study, castor oil-induced nausea can also be accompanied by vomiting, abdominal fullness, and cramps (4). In traditional Indian medicine, castor oil is given to infants 2-3 days after birth. And yes, they too have side effects if taken in excess. The scientific references in this article (the numbers in parentheses) are linked to scientific papers/journals/articles from renowned institutions across the globe. Ricin is poisonous when ingested or inhaled. For adults and children over 12 years of age, 1-4 tablespoons maximum (15-60 mL) in a single daily dose may be safe (10). Ricin is part of the waste "mash" produced when castor oil is made. Castor oil is classified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and effective for use as a laxative. CASTOR OIL liquid, DAILYMED, US National Library of Medicine. Castor oil is a natural oil derived from the seeds of the castor bean, Ricinus communis. If castor beans are chewed and swallowed, the released ricin can cause injury. Stylecraze has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. Read the sections below to know what they are, and what possibly causes them. As Wikipedia notes castor seeds contain not only castor oil but also ricin. Characterization of the intact protein and major fragments. Castor oil is a popular remedy for tumors, cysts, and cataracts in pets. Around 90% of the oil is comprised of ricinoleic acid, which is its primary healing agent (1). "Castor oil is generally a very safe and beneficial ingredient to use." Laxative overdose, MedlinePlus, US National Library of Medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. Biochem J. Some of these include skin rashes, nausea, diarrhea, and muscle cramps. Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity . Additional Common Names: Castor Oil Plant, Mole Bean Plant, African Wonder Tree, Castor Bean. Yes, Castor Oil Can Be Used Topically On Dogs in Moderation. No scientific researches have been conducted to find out the effect of the oil on children. Symptoms of a castor oil overdose include: Abdominal cramps Chest pain Diarrhea Dizziness Hallucinations (rare) Fainting Nausea Shortness of breath Skin rash Throat tightness Castor oil is not considered very toxic, but allergic reactions are possible [medlineplus.gov] However, be sure to use it in moderation since too much can lead to negative reactions for your pup. It reproduces with a mixed pollination system which favors selfing by geitonogamy but at the same time can be an out-crosser by anemophily or entomophily. Since their safety is not yet established, pregnant or lactating women should specifically avoid these supplements. It is the sole species in the monotypic genus, Ricinus, and subtribe, Ricininae. You may also be asked to consume castor oil supplements by your doctor, in a few cases. Before you ingest or apply castor oil or any of its products, we urge you to discuss it with your healthcare provider. Have you ever asked yourself: “Is castor oil toxic”? Castor oil has antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties that help treat an itchy scalp. Animal studies found that castor oil was mildly irritating to the skin of the test subjects. The acid is known for its irritant and laxative effect. Castor oil has a laxative effect. Though it is not harmful, applying castor oil on your eyes may not be desirable. Nevertheless, castor oil may cause skin reactions, such as redness and itching. True or False: Does Coconut Oil Clog Pores? Read also about flaxseed oil and pregnancy. For some interesting reading have a look at the death of Georgi Ivanov Markov – sounds like it would make a good movie. But since it has trouble-causing active molecules, its dosage has to be regulated. Final report on the safety assessment of Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Glyceryl Ricinoleate, Glyceryl Ricinoleate SE, Ricinoleic Acid, Potassium Ricinoleate, Sodium Ricinoleate, Zinc Ricinoleate, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Ethyl Ricinoleate, Glycol Ricinoleate, Isopropyl Ricinoleate, Methyl Ricinoleate, and Octyldodecyl Ricinoleate, International Journal of Toxicology, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Castor oil overdose can cause nausea. The castor bean plant, Ricinus communis, is a "native of tropical Africa cultivated in several varieties for the oil found in its leaves and for its bold foliage. When the oil is pressed from the seeds toxins are left in the mash. Toxic Principles: Ricin. Save the castor oil for your hair or skin, and use safer, non-toxic oils like coconut oil for your cat’s skin, and olive oil to help with constipation. You may hear that people use it for detoxing and healing liver, for treating arthritis and back pain. Ricin is a poison protein found naturally in castor beans from the castor bean plant (Ricinus communis). However, the mechanism behind this effect is not established yet. Castor beans can be safely turned into castor oil, leaving ricin behind as one of the waste products. It is poisonous not just to humans but also to various animal species. It may also prevent hair-damaging inflammation. Pregnant and breast-feeding women are not allowed to take the oil. Simply soak a flannel cloth in castor oil. These types … CASTOR OIL, HYDROGENATED and HYDROGENATED CASTOR OIL. Family: Euphorbiaceae. It may also induce contractions of the womb (uterus) in some cases (7). Let’s find out. The major ingredient is ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid with anti-inflammatory properties. Castor oil contains ricin (a toxic alkaloid) and toxalbumin ricin. This practice can result in severe intestinal damage, diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition (9). The side effects may have largely to do with the dosing. The allergen may be neutralized by treatment with a variety of alkaline agents. Copyright © 2011 - 2020 Incnut Digital. Mix a tablespoon of castor oil with olive oil and the juice of half a lemon. 1992;12:1-B5. The oil extracted from castor beans does not contain ricin and therefore is not poisonous. Ricinoleic acid, though not toxic by itself, may enhance the penetration of other chemicals through your skin. The only thing is that you should consult your doctor before applying the oil as castor oil has contraindications and side effects. Castor oil is an effective homeopathic remedy for skin problems and cataracts in dogs. Undiluted castor oil produced minimal ocular toxicity in one study, but none in another. Do castor oil packs also have side effects? StyleCraze provides content of general nature that is designed for informational purposes only. Though recovery is likely, not controlling the nauseating symptoms can lead to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Castor oil overdose, MedlinePlus, US National Library of Medicine, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. We avoid using tertiary references. The deadly poison is left behind in the pulp. Castor oil is used in cosmetics, medicines, massage oils, and medicines – given its powerful therapeutic benefits. Health conditions of the heart, brain, lungs, and vital organs must not be hidden from your healthcare provider. The following two tabs change content below. The side effects of castor oil have been linked to both topical and internal use. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015816/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18080873, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002768.htm, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3862068/, https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+1933, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002586.htm, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3384204/, https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a607070.html, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK501875/, https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=b29775df-8470-4fe3-bee3-f0490ea6903f, 5 Best Clarifying Shampoos Of 2020 For Fine Hair, 11 Best Sulfate- And Silicone-Free Shampoos, 5 Best Sulfate-Free Shampoos For African American Hair, 11 Surprising Benefits Of Turmeric Tea + How To Make It. But ricinoleic acid in it may aggravate the condition of patients with pre-existing skin conditions (2). The oil has a yellow-greenish appearance. Ravi believes in the great possibilities of abundant health with natural foods and organic supplements. Keep it in a place out of your dog’s reach because it can be poisonous when ingested. The oil is turned into the ricinoleic acid in your small intestine. Cooking with Grapeseed Oil: A Taste! The oil mostly contains triglycerides. He has a Professional Certificate in Food, Nutrition & Research from Wageningen University. Castor oil is an excellent traditional remedy for GI tract, hair, and skin ailments. People report diarrhea and other digestive discomfort after drinking castor oil. Excess use of castor oil has been associated with various risks. Follow the instructions set by the doctors and stay vigilant to avoid side effects. Scientific Name: Ricinus communis. Although the ricin is present throughout the plant, it is most concentrated in the seeds of the plant, often referred to as castor beans. Castor Bean Plant, Poisoning, and Oil. 5-10 seeds of the castor oil plant may kill. Other allergic reactions to castor oil are redness (erythema) and hives. Ricin is a toxin produced in the endosperm of the castor seeds. This ingredient is produced by hydrogenation of Ricinus communis (Castor) seed oil. Place a heating pad over it, and directly apply it to the infected area for an hour. It has a characteristic odor and a nauseating taste. 4 Reasons to Use Sunflower Oil on Your Skin and 6 Easy Ways to Do It! It can be used for massaging your pet or added to your pet’s shampoo. In fact, castor oil contains ricin, one of the most toxic substances found in nature. This oil is also used as a preparation means for radiological and colonoscopy examinations (3), (4). This may result in skin irritation and gut issues (2). However, muscle weakness and cramps could result from a laxative overdose. Although the castor oil plant comprises such a dangerous toxin castor oil is free from ricin as the International Journal of Toxicology’s Final Report on Castor Oil states. Other side effects of excessive consumption of the supplements could be similar to that of castor oil – abdominal cramps, nausea, diarrhea, etc. [No authors listed]. India, Brazil, and China are the primary producers of castor oil. This chemical is described as being virtually non-toxic but has the capacity to sensitize people with hypersensitivity. Castor oil supplements are usually in the form of gelatinous capsules. If yes, what are they? Castor oil is recommended for usage as a laxative, for hair and skin care. Ravi Teja Tadimalla is an editor and a published author. These capsules may have side effects if taken in excess. Can a Castor Bean be Used to Murder Someone? Castor beans are processed throughout the world to make castor oil. This is why pregnant and menstruating women are advised against using castor oil as a laxative. All rights reserved. What does castor oil look, taste, and smell like? While the castor oil plant certainly has many benefits, it also has a deadly component: the ricin toxin,found in raw castor beans. How does castor oil work for an itchy scalp? The oil, which is used as a traditional remedy for constipation and to induce labour, does not contain ricin. Though there is less research on the safety or toxicity of castor oil supplements, anecdotal evidence suggests that they carry the risk of higher levels of contamination. Inform the doctor if subjects experience hives, dizziness, difficulty in breathing, tiredness, chest pain, and/or irregular heartbeat (8). This seed oil is a potent laxative. Castor oil is not a significant skin irritant or sensitizer in human clinical tests. That’s why castor oil may induce gastrointestinal disorders. 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