This post has three parts to it. A very good article on the history of destruction of Tyre in light of Biblical prophecies and history proposes that the "seventy years" refers to the period after Tyre's conquest by Alexander in 332 B.C. In the end, Tyre’s fall to Babylon was the beginning of God’s punishments being brought against this nation for it sins. They then set the ship on fire and ran it up onto the causeway. Then, Alexander the Great attacked the island of Tyre … The defenders refused to allow this and suggested he use the temple on the mainland, saying that they would not let Persians or Macedonians within their new city. As Alexander did not have access to his own navy, he resolved to take the city and thus deny the Persians their last harbour in the region. Siege of Tyre may refer to: . Destruction of Tyre: A detailed look at Ezekiel 26:1-21 and some faulty objections that skeptics have. 9 He will direct the shock of his battering rams against your walls, and with his axes he will break down your towers. Tyre is divided into two sections: part of it is on the mainland, and part of it is an island. 129-131. According to Arrian, 8,000 Tyrian civilians were massacred after the city fell. If you look at Zechariah 9 you will see this: This of course is also a reference to the work of Alexander the Great and the fact that Tyre was destroyed in “the sea” – on its offshore island that Alexander built the mole to get to before destroying it with fire. Of all the Old Testament prophets, they consider Ezekiel to be the most trustworthy. Siege of Tyre may refer to: . Moving down the Mediterranean coast, Alexander the Great laid siege to Tyre during his conflict with the Persians. Although these towers were possibly the largest of their kind ever made, the Tyrians quickly devised a counter-attack. Verses 1-36: Because Tyre’s fate is assured; Ezekiel can make the second oracle a funeral dirge for her. The City of Tyre is Desolate Just as God Prophesied. The towers were made of wood, but were covered in rawhide to protect them from fire arrows. Find more prominent pieces of religious painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. (The Phoenician god Melqart was roughly the equivalent of the Greek Heracles.) The Destruction Of Tyre by David Padfield Ezekiel and the Oracles against Tyre Dennis Bratcher (uses NRSV - Liberal view) Christian Courier - A Study of Ezekiel 28 BY WAYNE JACKSON (disagrees with me on Satan/Antichrist!) The Tyrian's recognised this as a Macedonian ploy to occupy the city and refused, saying instead that Alexander was welcome to sacrifice to Heracles in old Tyre, which was built upon the mainland. So, in other words, the bizarre prophecy that they would throw the city’s remains into the sea was fulfilled! With his new fleet, Alexander's forces sailed on Tyre and quickly blockaded both ports with its superior numbers. Destruction of Tyre is an artwork on USEUM. He will set up a siege wall against you and throw up a mound against you, and raise a roof of shields against you. Keeping in mind I am 100% certain of the infallibility of God’s Word I have searched and found several answers to this apparent contradiction but am curious as to what you feel is the best explanation. “Son of man, sing a funeral song for Tyre, that mighty gateway to the sea, the trading center of the world. We will see that not only did Ezekiel prophesy that the remains would be thrown into the sea, but he even prophesied that this would take place in two phases: first by Nebuchadnezzar (a contemporary of Ezekiel), and then later by an unnamed king. After defeating Darius III at the battle of Issus in November 333 BCE, Alexander marched his army (about 35,000-40,000 strong) into Phoenicia, where he received the capitulation of Byblus and Sidon.Tyrian envoys met with Alexander whilst he was on the march, declaring their intent to honour his wishes. This reminded me of Ezekiel 26 where the prophecy concerning the destruction of Tyre is made and the fact it will not be rebuilt. However, his previous victory at Issus and subsequent conquests of the Phoenician city states of Byblos, Arwad and Sidon had meant that the fleets of these cities, which had composed most of the Persian navy, came under his banner. After this set back, Alexander was convinced that he would not be able to take Tyre without a navy. John Martin (British, 1789–1854) The Destruction of Tyre. This causeway allowed his artillery to get in range of the walls, and is still there to this day, as it was made of stone. He will kill your people with the sword, and your mighty pillars will fall to the ground. 26 In the eleventh month of the twelfth  year, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Son of man, because Tyre has said of Jerusalem, ‘Aha! They then hung cauldrons of oil from the masts, so that they would fall onto the deck once the masts burned through. Alexander had several of the slower galleys and a few barges refitted with battering rams. Tyre, the largest and most important city-state of Phoenicia, was located both on the Mediterranean coast as well as a nearby island with two natural harbours on the landward side. Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste, without house or haven! 30,000 residents and foreigners, mainly women and children, were sold into slavery. Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste, without house or haven! Alexander responded to this problem by first blockading and besieging Tyre for seven months, and then by building a causeway that allowed him to breach the fortifications. This matter is further complicated although potentially solved by noting that the rebirth of Tyre … At the time of the siege, the city held approximately 40,000 people, though the women and children had been evacuated to Carthage, the former Phoenician colony and then Mediterranean power. So what eventually happened to Tyre? This matter is further complicated although potentially solved by noting that the rebirth of … Again, the entire appeal to Tyre is thoroughly foot-shooting for an atheist, even if one detail appears to end up being wrong. Demolishing the ruins of mainland Tyre (“Old Tyre”), Alexander had the stones thrown into the sea at the point where the distance between the mainland and the island of Tyre was the shortest. The Destruction of Tyre The can be no reasonable doubt that Isaiah 23 prophesies the downfall of Tyre; it is much harder however to accurately ascertain when this event occurred. “Tyre was plundered and burned after a fearful slaughter of her citizens” (1966, p. 73). 2 Be still, O inhabitants of the coast, O merchants of Sidon; your messengers passed over the sea 3 and were on many waters; your […] Notice this odd statement: “Your stones and timber and soil they will cast into the midst of the waters.”. 1 The oracle concerning Tyre. Tyre and Sidon are port cities located in modern Lebanon on the … They therefore attacked at this time, but found Alexander had skipped his afternoon nap, and was able to quickly counter the sortie.. , As Alexander could not attack the city from the sea, he built a kilometre-long causeway stretching out to the island on a natural land bridge no more than two meters deep.. Destruction and misery are in their paths. painting by John Martin (Museum: Toledo Museum of Art). Basically, there is a natural “land bridge” between island Tyre and the mainland that is about three feet below the water. , By the Macedonians under Alexander the Great. Oil on canvas, 1840. But how did that happen? A lamentation, describing Tyre as a great trade ship destroyed on the high seas. “Why does Ezekiel switch between ‘he’ and ‘they’?” Well, the answer is clear, at least from our vantage point: “he” is referring to Nebuchadnezzar’s first attack on Tyre, in which Old Tyre (on the mainland) was destroyed. Tyre is an earliest Phoenician capital and the renowned origin of Europa and Elissa (Dido). A siege was simply when an army would surround a city for a prolonged period of time, not allowing any food, provisions, or help of any kind to enter the sieged city. Again, the entire appeal to Tyre is thoroughly foot-shooting for an atheist, even if one detail appears to end up being wrong. Notice the pronouns in the passage — “he” vs “they.”. In 587 BC, King Nebuchadnezzar II began a 13-year siege of Tyre. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online.