BirdLife International. Sarus cranes are usually seen in pairs or family groups. It puts everything you need for an amazing Zoo experience right into the palm of your hand! Sundar, K. S. G. 2009. They used to be found on occasion in Pakistan, but have not been seen there since the late 1980s. The female lays a clutch of one or two eggs and both parents share incubation duties – females at night and males during the day. Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species, International Crane Foundation Species Field Guide, Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, Status, Survey and Conservation Action Plan, View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection. Anon. Its wingspan can be up to 2.4 metres (8 ft) and its weight 8.4 kg (18.5 lb). Location: It is found throughout the Indian subcontinent. Protection of these beautiful birds is difficult because it often requires the cooperation of many countries. Chicks and juvenile cranes make a low clear “peep” which is repeated at short intervals. Sundar, K. S. G. 2008. The Sarus crane is the tallest flying bird in the world standing 152-156 cm tall with a wingspan of 240cm. Cranes make loud trumpeting calls that carry for several miles. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists the brolga as being of "least concern" because it has a large range and a population of more than 10,000 individuals. Sarus cranes have the loudest and most shrill call of the cranes. It is a social creature, found mostly in pairs or small groups of three or four. The sarus crane is found in three distinct populations: northern Australia, southeastern Asia (Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar) and the Indian subcontinent (Pakistan, India, Nepal). Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 15(2): 29. Local traditions and religious beliefs protect these birds in some parts of their range. Downloaded from The Sarus Crane is the tallest flying bird in the world and was declared as the state bird of Uttar Pradesh (UP) in 2014. The nest can be more than six feet in diameter and three feet high. They weigh 11-26 pounds (5-12 kg) – males are larger than females. Condor 111(4): 611-623. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Evans, T.; van Zalinge, R.; Hong Chamnan; Seng Kim Hout. Their numbers are declining due to habitat destruction or conversion for agriculture or shrimp farming, hunting, pollution and collecting of eggs, chicks and adult birds for food, medicine and the pet trade. WEIGHT: ~ 6.35 kg, 14 lbs. Sundar, K. S. G.; Choudhury, B. C. 2001. They have gray wings and body, a bare red head and upper neck with a narrow band of bristle black feathers, a white crown and black wingtips. Uttar Pradesh: an unlikely Shangri-La. The Sarus Crane Grus antigone is on its way out. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Antigone antigone. The report of a study conducted from 1997 to 1999 | IUCN Library System Adult cranes can also make a range of sounds from hissing to purrs to screams. Garnett, S. T.; Crowley, G. M. 2000. The light color of the eggs might help deflect heat from sunlight. At the zoo: specialized crane pellets, meat diet and large mealworms. 2001. The Babbler: BirdLife in Indochina: 18-19. Elegant displays of carefully orchestrated dances occur during the non-breeding season when one pair begins a display, which then spreads through the entire flock. At present, success stories for endangered species are too rare globally. Archibald, G. W.; Sundar, K. S. G.; Barzen, J. Photo Ark Home Indochinese Sarus Crane | National Geographic Society This action plan describes the many different sorts of threats facing cranes especially as they migrate through different countries, and the many solutions that have been attempted to overcome them. The comeback crane. Are rice paddies suboptimal breeding habitat for Sarus Cranes in Uttar Pradesh, India? IUCN SSC Crane Specialist Group Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline for Grus antigone gillae Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001). It meets the criteria of an important bird and biodiversity site (IBA),” said Nikhil Devasar, birder and author. Sarus cranes are considered Vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and are found in the plains of northwestern India, the western half of Nepal’s Terai Lowlands, and parts of Pakistan. IUCN Status: Vulnerable. Wetland habitats including marshes, swamps and flooded fields. The most well-known crane call is the unison call made by paired adults to establish and announce their territory. ICF Bugle 34(2): 6. There were about an estimated 15–20,000 mature sarus cranes left in the wild in 2009. Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001). Fertilizers for crops have been consumed by cranes which often result in death. Juvenile birds engage in “social dancing” that helps develop pair bonds. Cranes have been adversely affected by poaching and agriculture. The sarus crane (Grus antigone antigone) is listed as “vulnerable” in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.Sarus cranes are distributed in the lowlands, but most live outside protected areas, especially in agricultural areas and wetlands of … Anon. Environment Australia, Canberra. Sarus cranes stand up to six feet tall (1.8 m). Indochinese sarus crane, Antigone antigone sharpii, at Angkor Centre for Conservation of Biodiversity. GA This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale. 2005. Sundar, K. S. G.; Choudhury, B. C. 2003. Conservation of the vulnerable Sarus Crane Grus antigone antigone in Kota, Rajasthan, India: a case study of community involvement. Juveniles have darker gray body feathers and buff colored feathers on the head. Grus antigone. Summary; Text account; Data table and detailed info; ... more information about the Red List categories and criteria Justification of Red List category This crane is listed as Vulnerable because it is suspected to have suffered a rapid population decline, ... Palearctic IUCN … During the breeding season, mated pairs perform loud trumpeting calls and elaborate dance moves. There are also specific estimates of this species in these regions: India, Nepal and Pakistan - 8,000-10,000 cranes; Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam - 800-1,000 cranes, Myanmar – 500-800 cranes and 10,000 breeding adults in Australia. SUBSPECIES: antigone – Indian. Recommended citation Mated pairs establish a nesting territory and build a large nest in a wet marsh or paddy field. Journal of Ecological Society 16: 16-41. IUCN Status: Vulnerable; Protected Under: Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I; Habitat: It is mainly a freshwater species, and found in lakes, rivers, and marshes. The sarus crane (schedule-4 of WPA) is categorised as a vulnerable species, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classification. Their windpipe is lengthened by coiling within the breastbone, which amplifies their sounds. Because of predation of both eggs and young chicks, the breeding success rate for sarus cranes is estimated at only 20%. Cranes are one of the most endangered bird families on the planet, with 11 of 15 species facing extinction. Their numbers are declining due to habitat destruction or conversion for agriculture or shrimp farming, hunting, pollution and collecting of eggs, chicks and adult birds for food, medicine and the pet trade. Living primarily on the Indian sub-continent, there is also a subspecies in Northern Australia, undoubtedly resulting from a … Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline for. The population in India has however declined. For over 40 years, the eastern sarus crane, which is assessed as vulnerable to extinction on the IUCN Red List, was thought to be extinct in Thailand due to habitat loss and damage to its natural habitat. Created by IUCN - Powered by Drupal A study of Indian Sarus crane [Grus antigone antigone] in Gujarat State, with emphasis on its status in Kheda and Ahmedabad districts. The sarus crane is listed in the “vulnerable” category by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Sarus Crane. 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