Long, trailing stems make them ideal for containers of all kinds. Different Varieties of Perennial Geraniums. In cooler climates geranium plants can be overwintered indoors before being replanted out in the spring. 'Carol' also makes a rock wall into a vertical garden when you plant small divisions between gaps. Plant beside a silvery artemisia for a contrasting cloud of beauty.  'Ann Folkard' is a hybrid cross between  G. procurrens and G. psilostemon. Native Area: Nursery hybrid; parent species are native to western Asia, 'Patricia' is another hybrid creaton, this one a cross between Geranium endressii and G. psilostemon. The trailing geraniums (ivy leaf) can be grown in hanging baskets, window-boxes or tall urns. In the warmest USDA zonesthey will grow as perennial plants. Fast forward to today, and these workhorses of the Summer garden come in every color imaginable, including peach and orange shades, rose and fuchsia colors, yellows, pale purples, deep magentas, and various pinks, reds and of course white. Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on April 01, 2018: I did not know there are different varieties of perennial geraniums. But once you've grown hardy geraniums, annual geraniums may lose their appeal for you. Annual geraniums can be problematic to grow in very warm, humid climates, where they can be very susceptible to leaf spots and gray mold. These are relatively drought-tolerant plants, which is why they are so popular for cemetery urns that are tended only sporadically. There are annual geraniums that are tulip-flowered, cactus-flowered, and some with spiky star-shaped flowers. Geraniums, however, can have very pretty foliage. Most hardy geraniums thrive in light shade, whilst the smaller alpine types do best in full sun. Biden. Growing zonal geraniums is a snap. The four most common types of geraniums are ivy-leaf, scented-leaf, regal/angel, and the zonal varieties. Model# 61072 $ 4 48. For an early May planting date, for example, you'll need to start seeds in January. You can grow them as houseplants in a window with bright, direct light. Packaged very well so no stems were broken. These are a large geranium that will grow to about 10-12 inches high. This plant is responsible for shining the spotlight on hardy geraniums in general and caused a resurgence of interest in their role in the garden. Prolonged temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit will stunt these plants, and temperatures at the freezing point usually kills them. Handpick slugs in the morning, or set out beer traps.Â. Choose from zonal, ivy, inter-specific, and regal geraniums, in a variety of types to meet the needs of your programs. It flowers in early summer, often producing a second, lesser flush of blooms in early fall. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. Zonal geraniums grown from cuttings have semi-double and double blooms. The geranium name, however, persists to this day as the common label for many species of Pelargonium. Annual geraniums can also be susceptible to white flies and aphids. Alyssum. Hardy geranium is the rare plant that does best without any fertilizer at all, though it may appreciate an annual top-dressing of compost around the base of the plants. Our Products: Annual Plants > Geranium Plants > Ivy Geranium Plants. These geraniums are are characterized by their extraordinary... Ivy Geraniums… Watch out for slugs, which love geraniums, especially ones grown in shadier locales. Model# 61072 $ 5 98. The blue flowers with deep purple veins are very showy when paired with white flowers like sweet alyssum or phlox. Discovered at the Royal Botanical Garden in Scotland, this plant may be a cross between Geranium peloponnesiacum and G. renardii.Â, In addition to its unusual name, this geranium stands apart from others due to its aromatic leaves, which release fragrant oils when crushed. This geranium appreciates soil with excellent drainage and will shine in your rock garden. Treat for these as soon as possible. For maximum effect in the garden design, add a companion planting that emphasizes one of the two colors of 'Splish Splash,' like 'Blue Hill' meadow sage or candytuft.Â, Also known as mourning widow geranium, 'Springtime' hardy geraniums sport deep burgundy spring flowers held aloft on wiry stems. Geranium | Better Homes & Gardens. Hardy perennial geraniums shrug off cold winters, with many hardy to zone 3. Older varieties are somewhat intolerant of long periods of heat and humidity, but newer varieties are more heat-resistant. Place the plants in a very bright location or under grow lights and water them daily. Hardy geraniums, often known by the common name "cranesbill," are the plants that truly own the Geranium genus name. Double flowers with veining appear in late spring and continue for several weeks in hot areas or throughout the season in cooler regions. The price point for seed geraniums is usually lower. Plants that stop blooming in hot weather may just need a little shade for the hottest time of the day. Annual geraniums are normally planted from potted seedlings. The Geranium genus is quite a large one, comprising more than 400 species. Are geraniums annual or perennial? When the seedlings have at least two sets of true leaves, transplant them into their own small pots, burying the cotyledon leaves under the soil. In the fall, some of the varieties will turn soothing shades of rust and crimson. Walter Ingwersen probably didn't notice this feature immediately when he discovered it growing on a mountainside in Yugoslavia in 1929, but its stunning amethyst buds and contrasting pale pink flowers surely caught his eye.Â. Ivy Geraniums offer glossy, ivy-shaped foliage with a free-flowering nature that makes them ideal for window boxes, hanging baskets and stand-type planters. The upright Geraniums can be used as a center piece for a larger container. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 15 Red-Flowering Plants to Consider for Your Garden, Annual Vinca (Madagascar Periwinkle) Plant Profile, Crossandra (Firecracker Flower) Plant Profile, 9 Best Colorful Plants for Hanging Baskets. This plant is a hybrid cross between G. gracile and G. ibericum, both native to western Asia. In general, hardy geraniums are tolerant of a broad range of soil, temperature, and sunlight conditions, though they prefer well-drained soil. Although there are more than 200 Pelargonium species, only a few are used as the common annual geraniums for ornamental gardening: Every year, it seems that there are more Pelargonium hybrids to choose from. True geraniums, commonly known as cranesbill geraniums, are a group of flowering plants that come from the genus of the same name. Geranium Care Must-Knows. Originally from South Africa, they are very rustic and can withstand light frosts. She has years of experience in caring for flowers and plants. This group is noted for their large, ruffled flowers in white, pink, red, purple, yellow, burgundy, and bicolors. Common garden or annual geranium plants are actually derived from the Pelargonium genus. Vigoro 1 Qt. However, because their appearance differs from common garden geraniums, you may have mistaken them for a different plant. Most hardy geranium varieties grow low and slow, with heights around 12″ to 18″, and a spread of 2 to 3 feet at full size. They come in a variety of colors and are easy to grow, though gardeners sometimes report problems getting geraniums to bloom. Originating in South Africa they can be grown in the United States as an annual plant. Even better is the fact that learning how to keep geraniums over winter is easy. Leaves emerge with a variegated pattern but eventually settle into a green tone in the summer.Â. These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually grown as annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very warm climates. If you do fall in love with their double violet flowers and tolerance of many growing conditions, you can propagate them by division in the spring.Â, In contrast to the many sprawling hardy geraniums available, 'Stephanie' produces a very compact plant that perks up the late spring border. Make sure the container has plenty of drainage holes. Place the small plants in your container garden, where you can observe the detail of the white eye up close. Give them a sunny spot with soil that is rich but well-drained. Originally, both types of plants were part of the Geranium genus, before Pelargonium was designated in 1789. Depending on the species, many have deeply lobed and dissected leaves. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. These are warm-region plants that dislike cold temperatures. Hardy geraniums (not to to confuse with Perlagoniums, annual geraniums) provide an easy care, colorful, reliable ground cover or filler in the sunny to partially shaded garden.. It is recommended that you deadhead the entire flower stalk after the flower fades to encourage more blooms. White Geranium Annual Plant. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Here are 16 good varieties to consider for your garden. Angelonia. Ivy Geranium Plants. Although not a true Geranium, it belongs in the same family. Bedding Geraniums are great container plants. Annual geraniums are favorites for container plantings and hanging baskets, and they also work well as bedding plants. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. While the trailing and mounding types of hardy geraniums have their place at the border's edge, some situations call for a taller plant. Finally, they can also be grown as a houseplant.