Tolerant of dry soils and salt, it’s perfect for growing in exposed, coastal gardens. The young branches are silvery while the older branches are brown. Its stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. Dry mass production was generally lower in U. pumila than in E. angustifolia, but steadily increased throughout the observation period. Genus: Elaeagnus. Elaeagnus angustifolia L.. Synonyms: E. hortensis Bieb.;E. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a deciduous shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown; it usually grows 3 - 7 metres tall, occasionally to 10 metres. Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7. It grows naturally as a 12- to 15-foot shrub, but you can also grow it as a tree. Russian olive was brought to the US from southern Europe and western Asia as an ornamental landscaping tree. Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation. Elaeagnus angustifolia was first planted as an ornamental tree and for wildlife cover and sometimes escapes. Category: Shrubs. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. The disease causes wilting and browning of leaves on affected branches. Family: Elaeagnaceae: Genus: Elaeagnus (el-ee-AG-nus) Species: orientalis (or-ee-en-TAY-liss) Cultivar: King Red: Synonym: Elaeagnus angustifolia var. The young branches are silvery while the older branches are brown. The Elaeagnus angustifolia is a long lived tree (80-100years) which grows rapidly up … It is cultivated and often escapes along riparian corridors in the plains and foothills where it can dominate woodlands and thickets. Usually, only the branch tip is affected. Foliage The leaves are simple, alternate and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. Elaeagnus is often killed by verticillium wilt in the east in wet areas or poorly drained sites. They are occasionally thorny and covered with scales. It is a non-native, invasive species. Shrubs or small trees, 3-7(-10) m tall. Elaeagnus Angustifolia, also known as Oleaster or Russian olive, is an incredibly tough tree which will survive almost any type of growing conditions, and will be especially successful in the most challenging climates in the UK!Whether grown as a specimen plant in a sheltered city garden or as windbreak by the sea, Elaeagnus Angustifolia will come through with flying colours! Elaeagnus from Burncoose Nurseries Varieties of Elaeagnus available to buy include the following: ELAEAGNUS angustifolia ,ELAEAGNUS commutata ,ELAEAGNUS x ebbingei ,ELAEAGNUS … Deciduous shrub/tree, 15-20(40)ft [4.5-6(12) m] rounded outline, young branches silvery, stems sometimes thorny. Pronunciation: e-lee-AG-nus an-gus-ti-FO-li-a. Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: Yes. Trees. Flower: Bell-shaped, 3/8 to 5/8 inch long, very fragrant, lacking petals, silvery or whitish, appearing in spring. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 35 ft. (10 m) tall. Its native to Europe and western Asia. Type: Broadleaf. Has Deciduous foliage. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Elaeagnus angustifolia. Elaeagnus angustifolia had the highest growth rates in the early stages (2003–2005) but DM production began to stabilize at around 100 Mg ha −1 in 2006. It has an open crown and often thorny branches. To 20 feet high and wide, but can be clipped as medium-height hedge. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Naturally occurring in dry places such as dunes and dry riverbeds. Clusters of inconspicuous, yet highly fragrant yellow flowers appear in summer. Native from Europe to Asia. Foliage of Russian-Olive. Elaeagnus are a fantastic group of shrubs that often have strong and healthy leaves that have a slivery shine to them; some varieties also have the added interest of variegated leaves. Height: 20 feet. Fertilize infected trees and prune out dead branches. It has smooth, dark brown branches that often bear spines and narrow, light green leaves that are silvery on the undersides from a covering of minute scales. Grow… Read more Elaeagnus angustifolia is a usually thorny shrub or small tree growing to 5–7 m (16–23 ft) in height. elaeagnus angustifolia. Elaeagnus Angustifolia from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: large spiny shrub with fragrant flowers in June and silvery-grey willow-like leaves. Elaeagnus angustifolia – Russian olive, Oleaster. Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Description. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Call +31(0) 485 31 20 21 or email one of our advisors directly. Elaeagnus angustifolia – Oleaster (southern Europe, central Asia) Habit: Asymmetrical large shrub or small tree, 6-8 m tall, 4-6 m wide; crooked stem; branches steeply or vertically upright; the thorny twigs are more spread out, some arching; medium to fast-growing. argentea Moench, not Pursh. Deciduous - lance-shaped leaves to 10cm (4in) long, dark-green above, silvery beneath.White - silver-white The Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a shrub or small tree, often leaning or twisted and distorted. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a tough shrub that tolerates adverse conditions such as sandy, dry, alkaline or salty soil and salt spray. Deciduous tree. The bole can be up to 100cm in diameter; the stems are sometimes armed with sharp spines[ Elaeagnus Plants. Elaeagnus orientalis. Elaeagnus angustifolia - Russian olive Russian olive is an introduced large shrub to most often a tree to 8 m tall with dark furrowed bark on the main trunk of mature trees. Common name: Russian-olive. To address this gap we surveyed 25 sites in Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana where E. angustifolia was removed. Rounded Shape. North Dakota tree handbook. Leaves are dull green to almost gray and distinctly scaly above, silvery and scaly below. According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. Angular trunk and branches (sometimes thorny) are covered by shredding dark brown bark that is picturesque in winter. The leaves are simple and alternate and the margins are entire (no teeth). Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Silver Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) 'Quicksilver' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Elaeagnus angustifolia is a shrub or small tree that can grow to 35 ft. (10 m) tall. These habitats are characterized by vertical environmental gradients, thus trees must develop some plasticity to adapt to the wide range of site conditions. Although it is a target of restoration efforts, very little is known about vegetation response after removal of this exotic species. These shrubs also have small tubular flowers that are highly scented, making … The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. orientalis (L.) Kuntze: Classification. This thorny tree transplants well but susceptibility to canker diseases and verticillium wilt make it undesirable for large scale landscape plantings, particularly in the moist, eastern climate. Leaves are long and narrow, silvery colored and scurfy. Native to southern Europe and western Asia, Elaeagnus angustifolia is commonly found growing along floodplains, riverbanks, stream courses, marshes, and irrigation ditches Seedlings are tolerant of shade and the plant thrives in a variety of soil and moisture conditions, including bare mineral substrates.E. But used as The E. angustifolia is a deciduous tree or large shrub which is commonly called Russian olive since its appearance resembles olive tree with small reddish-brown, elliptic shaped fruits [3]. Killing while it is still small, or even while it is an individual large shrub rather than a dense inaccessible thicket is key. orientalis: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Family: Elaeagnaceae. Tree Characteristics. Longevity 40 to 150 years. If you want to grow the tree form of Elaeagnus, pruning should begin while the shrub is still young. Or would you like further information about Elaeagnus angustifolia? Russian olive is a deciduous tree with narrow silver leaves, clustered greenish-yellow fruits, and shaggy bark.