The report found that thirteen countries or regions impose the death penalty for "same-sex sexual acts" with reference to sharia-based laws. As wonderful as it is that a person can be accepted for who they are in Islam (as long as they are somewhere no one knows them), there is still a lot of work to be done in our Ummah. Few literary works displayed hostility towards non-heterosexuality, apart from partisan statements and debates about types of love (which also occurred in heterosexual contexts). [78], Egyptian Islamist journalist Muhammad Jalal Kishk also found no punishment for homosexual acts prescribed in the Quran, regarding the hadith that mentioned it as poorly attested. Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab Fight in the cause of Allah ˹only˺ against those who wage war against you, but do not exceed the limits. 'Indefensible,' Court Says", "In Jordan, the LGBTQ+ Community Is Not Criminalized But Still Stigmatized", "Saudi Arabia Beheads Gays, but Marco Rubio Has No Problem With You Traveling There", "Mahathir claims LGBT rights are 'Western values' not fit for Malaysia", "LGBT culture against Islamic principles but Malaysia doesn't kill gays, deputy minister tells George Clooney | Malay Mail", "Difficult for Indonesia to legalize gay marriage: Minister", "Police break up Istanbul gay pride parade", "Brunei introduces death by stoning as punishment for gay sex", "Brunei backs down on gay sex death penalty after international backlash", "Brunei enacts Islamic laws to punish gay sex with stoning to death — here's what you need to know", "EBSCO Publishing Service Selection Page", "Brunei's LGBT community flees 'inhumane' new stoning laws", "Al Arabiya: "Moroccan "bride" detained for gay wedding, "Al Arabiya: "Morocco sentences gay 'bride' to jail, "FRANCE - Concilier islam et homosexualité, le combat de Ludovic-Mohamed Zahed - France 24", "Bradlee Dean: Keith Ellison is advancing Sharia law through 'homosexual agenda, "Keith Ellison: Minnesota Anti-Gay Marriage Amendment Will Fail", "Crackdown As Men Jailed Over 'Gay Wedding, "Clerics issue fatwa allowing transgender marriage in Pakistan", "Transgenders in Pakistan; challenges and prospects", "Discrimination and Violence Against Transgender In Pakistan", "Pakistan Passes Historic Transgender Rights Bill", "In Iran, there's only one way to survive as a transgender person", "U.N. In response, Sepp Blatter, head of FIFA, joked that they would have to "refrain from sexual activity" while in Qatar. [Ibn Maajah and At-Tabaraani] What is meant in the narration are the people who refrain from committing sins and pretend to be righteous when in the presence of other people, but as soon as they … [176] However, in May 2018, the Pakistani parliament passed a bill giving transgender individuals the right to choose their identity and correct their official documents, such as ID cards, driver license, and passports. 1. act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises. Human rights groups have questioned the awarding in 2010 of the right to host the competition, due to the possibility that gay football fans may be jailed. In the 1980s, both Egypt and Iran declared that gender reassignment surgery was declared acceptable under Islamic law. "[86], In their book Islamic Law and Muslim Same-Sex Unions, Junaid Jahangir and Hussein Abdullatif argue that interpretations which view the Quranic narrative of the people of Lot and the derived classical notion of liwat as applying to same-sex relationships reflect the sociocultural norms and medical knowledge of societies that produced those interpretations. We must be willing to have real and open discussions about these subjects, because the lives and safety of our trans Muslim brothers and sisters are at stake. This leads many individual to be homeless – or worse – attempt suicide. "praise be to God, the marvels of whose creation are not subject to the arrows of accident." Imam Muhsin Hendricks also administers the Compassion-centred Islamic Network (CCI Network) which is a global network that seeks to connect and create a stronger voice for queer Muslims amongst activists, academics, Islamic scholars and religious leaders (Imams). [141], In Pakistan, its law is a mixture of both Anglo-Saxon colonial law as well as Islamic law, both which proscribe criminal penalties for same-sex sexual acts. [8] The Hanafi scholar Abu Bakr Al-Jassas (d. 981 AD/370 AH) argued that the two hadiths on killing homosexuals "are not reliable by any means and no legal punishment can be prescribed based on them". "[15][88], Some Islamic & Western scholars argue that in the course of the Quranic Lot story, homosexuality in the modern sense is not addressed, but that the destruction of the "people of Lot" was a result of breaking the ancient hospitality law and sexual violence, in this case the attempted rape of men. No one has the right to tell another person how to live their life, who to love, or what gender they are. [8][97] The famous author Jahiz tried to explain the abrupt change in attitudes toward homosexuality after the Abbasid Revolution by the arrival of the Abbasid army from Khurasan, who are said to have consoled themselves with male pages when they were forbidden to take their wives with them. It blows my mind to know that a Muslim can legally have a gender reassignment surgery and still be tormented by people in the Islamic community unless they move. In 2011, Abdullah created an LGBTQ+ mosques, known as the Light of Reform Mosque, to provide members of the LGBTQ+ community with marriage ceremonies. He did not approve of such acts, but believed that Muslims who abstained from sodomy would be rewarded by sex with youthful boys in paradise.[79]. [265][non-primary source needed]. Rumours spread that this was a gay marriage and more than 600 people took to the streets, condemning the alleged event and protesting against leniency towards homosexuals. [139] As of September 2018, homosexuality is no longer a criminal act in India, and most of the religious groups withdrew their opposing claims against it in the Supreme Court. Islam's paradoxical standards result in "the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness." Given these writings, Kugle concludes that "one might consider Islamic societies (like classical Greece) to provide a vivid illustration of a 'homosexual-friendly' environment." Moreover, trans women face employment discrimination due to their wrong identification cards that are not being corrected by the government agencies. He was told: Apostle of Allah! In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. The Pakistan Penal Code of 1860, originally developed under colonial rule, punishes sodomy with a possible prison sentence and has other provisions that impact the human rights of LGBT Pakistanis, under the guise of protecting public morality and order. [8] The increased prosperity following the early conquests was accompanied by a "corruption of morals" in the two holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and it can be inferred that homosexual practice became more widespread during this time as a result of acculturation to foreign customs, such as the music and dance practiced by mukhannathun, who were mostly foreign in origin. Islam teaches that no nation should transgress against another nation, nor should one state transgress against another, but that nations and states should cooperate with each other for the purpose of advancing the interests of the whole humanity. [68], A mukhannath who had dyed his hands and feet with henna was brought to the Prophet. Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: If a man who is not married is seized committing sodomy he will be stoned to death. "[83]:54 Kugle furthermore reads the Qur'an as holding "a positive assessment of diversity." Abdullah opened the Mecca Institute in an attempt to open at least 50 LGBTQ+ friendly mosques by 2030. One the basis of this reading of the Qur'an, Kugle asserts that homosexuality is "caused by divine will," so "homosexuals have no rational choice in their internal disposition to be attracted to same-sex mates. The answer, for me, is an unequivocal no. ); violate; infringe: to transgress the will of God. ", Pawar, Yogesh|title=Bangladesh Refuses to Abolish Criminalisation of Same-Sex Ties; in Denial about its 4.5 Million-Strong LGBT Community, Dhaka Shoots Down the United Nations Human Rights Commission Recommendations., 2013. [8] This trend is illustrated by the story of Mahmud of Ghazni (971–1030), the ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire, and his cupbearer Malik Ayaz. [14] In Egypt, though homosexuality is not explicitly criminalized, it has been widely prosecuted under vaguely formulated "morality" laws, and under the current rule of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi arrests of LGBT individuals have risen fivefold, apparently reflecting an effort to appeal to conservatives. Transgender is an umbrella term, describing when a person’s gender identity is different than what society expects based on the person’s sex assigned at birth. [295]:100, In an article "Same-sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women" Ali elaborates on homosexuality as an aspect of medieval Muslim culture. To go beyond or over (a limit or boundary); exceed or overstep: "to make sure that her characters didn't transgress the parameters of ordinariness" (Ron Rosenbaum). (16)"[4:15–16 (Translated by Shakir)], Most exegetes hold that these verses refer to illicit heterosexual relationships, although a minority view attributed to the Mu'tazilite scholar Abu Muslim al-Isfahani interpreted them as referring to homosexual relations. It seems there may have been some variance in how "effeminate" they were, though there are indications that some adopted aspects of feminine dress or at least ornamentation. This doctrine contains a passage by the scholar and hadith collector An-Nawawi: A mukhannath is the one ("male") who carries in his movements, in his appearance and in his language the characteristics of a woman. In Turkey, where 99.8% of the population is officially registered as Muslim, homosexuality has never been criminalized since the day it was founded in 1923. In France there was an Islamic same-sex marriage on 18 February 2012. This is the way "gay and lesbian Muslims" view their homosexuality. For the next seventy years, until the dismantlement of the first state in 1818, the Wahhabis dominated from Damascus to Baghdad. [108] In the secular society however, a male's desire to penetrate a desirable youth was seen as understandable, even if not lawful. In Albania and Turkey, there have been discussions about legalizing same-sex marriage. ): to transgress the bounds of prudence. Classical Islamic jurists did not deal with homosexuality as a sexual orientation, since the latter concept is modern and has no match in traditional law, which dealt with it under the technical terms of liwat and zina. There is little evidence of homosexual practice in Islamic societies for the first century and a half of the Islamic era. Evidence includes the behavior of rulers . to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc. Thereupon, the Prophet said: "Indeed they are your brothers, and they perform acts of worship by night [prayers] in the same way you do, but when they are alone, they transgress the Limits of Allaah. " So We delivered him and his followers, except his wife; she was of those who remained behind. [210] Straightway responded to this by compiling a document to clarify what they regarded as fundamental issues concerning Islam and homosexuality. [128] In 2015, The New York Times reported that U.S. soldiers serving in Afghanistan were instructed by their commanders to ignore child sexual abuse being carried out by Afghan security forces, except "when rape is being used as a weapon of war". During March 2019, British Muslim parents began protesting Parkfield Community School, a town where more than a third of the children are Muslim, due to the school's implementation of a “No Outsiders” sex-education program. Ibn Al-Qayyim describes this as follows: No one can indulge in unlawfulness except for two reasons, the first of which is … They have executed more than two dozen men and women for suspected homosexual activity, including several thrown off the top of buildings in highly publicized executions. Ahmad narrated from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet of Allah said: "May Allah curse the one who does the action of the people of Lot, may Allah curse the one who does the action of the people of Lot," three times. should we not kill him? He wrote that "sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical." . In February 2019, the government of Indonesia – a country with a majority Muslim population – threatened to ban, The Muslim Debate Initiative (MDI) made up of Muslims "with experience in public speaking, apologetics, polemics, research and community work." Skye-Heather wears hijab with the intention of becoming a niqabi. [184], In 2013, the Pew Research Center conducted a study on the global acceptance of homosexuality and found a widespread rejection of homosexuality in many nations that are predominantly Muslim. Originally, when hearing that Skye-Heather felt such solace in Islam, I was shocked. Others have gone all the way to materialism. Maajid Nawaz vs Abdullah al Andalusi", "Implied Cases for Muslim Same-Sex Unions", Before Homosexuality in the Arab–Islamic World, 1500–1800, Islamic Homosexualities: culture, history, and literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LGBT_in_Islam&oldid=991935568#Gender_variant_and_transgender_people, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, States which did not support either declaration, States that are not voting members of the United Nations, States which supported an opposing declaration in 2008 and continued their opposition in 2011, South Sudan, which was not a member of the United Nations in 2008, States which supported the LGBT rights declaration in the General Assembly or on the Human Rights Council in 2008 or 2011, Turkey Muslims: According to the survey conducted by the, 31 December 2013 - New Year's Eve arson attack on gay nightclub in. Attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and their experiences in the Muslim world have been influenced by its religious, legal, social, political, and cultural history. However there is no sin for those who choose not to marry, as long as they will not transgress against Allah’s limits and fall into the forbidden acts. In Kugle's reading, the Quran holds "a positive assessment of diversity." Just because people can’t legally discriminate against transgender people doesn’t mean that they don’t and it certainly doesn’t mean that society understands the complexity of what it means to be transgender. He, along with other queer Muslims who left the old Al-Fitrah Foundation founded a new organization in 2018 called Al-Ghurbaah Foundation. Believing that transgenders are dearer to God, some Muslim rulers appointed them as intercessors in royal palaces, including those … Regarding the Quran, Ali says that modern scholars disagree about what it says about "same-sex intimacy." While not criminalising homosexuality, the country does not recognise same-sex marriage. In some countries, views were becoming more conservative among younger people. It is regarded as a cure for homosexuality, which is punishable by death under Iranian law. For example, in 2016 a transgender individual died in a hospital while doctors were trying to decide which ward the patient should be placed in. This article is about LGBT in Islam. [57] At the same time, many miniatures, especially from Ottoman Turkey, contain explicit depictions of pederasty, suggesting that the practice enjoyed a certain degree of popularity. [95] Other related Arabic words includes Mukhannathun, ma'bûn, halaqī, baghghā.[96]. [119] With reference to the Muslim world more broadly, Tilo Beckers writes that "Besides the endogenous changes in the interpretation of scriptures having a deliberalizing influence that came from within Islamic cultures, the rejection of homosexuality in Islam gained momentum through the exogenous effects of European colonialism, that is, the import of Western cultural understandings of homosexuality as a perversion. [130][131] In United Arab Emirates it is a capital offense. The basis of this attitude is that one is born transgender but chooses to be homosexual; therefore homosexuality is a sin (it’s not).