The flowers which appear in mid- to late summer, are very attractive to butterflies, and provide nectar for native bees and many beneficial garden insects. The common name, vervaine, comes from the Celtic name, ‘ferfain’. Purpletop (Verbena bonariensis) is extremely similar to Verbena incompta, which is also known as purpletop, and these two species have often been confused. Its scientific name is Verbena bonariensis and it is quite famous for its ability to attract butterflies and other insects to your garden. Presently, the plant is on the invasive species watchlist for Washington state, naturalized in tropical and southern Africa, temperate Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the United States (including Hawaii), the West Indies, Macaronesia and the Mascarene Islands. If sited in sheltered locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis winters.  However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. brasiliensis, the "true" Brazilian verbena, which has been erroneously referred to as V. bonariaensis by several botanists. Named by Virgil and Pliny the Elder. Fruit splits open when seed matures. Verbena bonariensis. If you like flowers with double functionality, Verbena bonariensis is yours. This greatly benefits the reproductive quality and the expansion of the plants, since they will be able to pollinate more quantity. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round Planting month for zone 8: year round Planting month for zone 9: year round I think the common name Brazilian Verbena would be better suited to Verbena brasiliensis, which is not the same species as V. bonariensis. Spikes usually in umbellate or cymose clusters. Locations within which Verbena bonariensis is naturalisedinclude Australia, eastern Africa and some oceanic islands with warm climates. Seedling. Common Name. Glandularia sp. Botanical name: Verbena bonariensis; Common name: Argentinian vervain ; Family: Verbenaceae ; Plant Type: Perennial , Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species. Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) Common Names. Plants more freely self-seed in the deep South where they have escaped gardens and naturalized in a number of areas. V. patagonica) is a short-lived herbaceous perennial that goes by the common name of Purpletop Vervain. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board (WSNWCB) (2007): Yuan, Yao-Wu & Olmstead, Richard G. (2008): A species-level phylogenetic study of the, This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 23:09. Brazilian verbena grows taller and a little more sparsely than other varieties. Verbena bonariensis (syn. Common Name(s): Purple Verbena; Rigid Verbena; Sandpaper Verbena; Slender Vervain; Tuberous Vervain Requirements to Grow. Scientific Name. Common Name: Verbena Genus: Verbena Species: bonariensis Skill Level: Beginner Exposure: Full sun Hardiness: Half Hardy Soil type: Well-drained/light, Moist Height: 150cm Spread: 45cm It has a reputation of rarely being attacked by insect pests, but may be susceptible to powdery mildew. Genus. Verbena bonariensis – A super hardy perennial from Brazil that is well suited to our Australian gardens. For earlier bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date. 1999. Verbena Bonariensis also goes by various other names such as Purpletop vervain, Argentinian Verbena, Tall Verbena as well as Pretty Verbena. In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and "South American vervain" (which can mean any of the numerous species in the genus Verbena occurring in that continent). Botanical Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian Vervain Family: Verbenaceae Category: Hardy Perennial Seed Count: 200. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Verbenaceae – Verbena family Genus: Verbena L. – vervain Species: Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensis for example. It is a native plant of southern South American tropical regions. Verbena is derived from Latin, meaning ‘sacred bough’, in reference to the leafy twigs of vervaine (Verbena officinalis) which were historically carried by priests, used in wreaths for druidic rituals, and for medicine. Common Name: tall verbena Type: Herbaceous perennial Zone: 7 to 11 ... Comes back forever, which isn't that common for Verbena in northern CA. Mix it with Cosmos 'Purity' and Gaura lindheimeri to create a lovely, airy filling to a border, and there is no better plant for lining a path. According to Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk, it is considered a weed in Fiji, New Guinea and other South Pacific islands.. Where is this species invasive in the US. , Its specific epithet means ‘from Buenos Aires, Argentina’. Bot. It can grow to 6 ft (180 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. V. bonariensis is commonly grown from seed which germinates readily without pre-treatment, but can also be propagated from herbaceous stem cuttings. & Rodr. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … , Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. Charmed me more and more as time went by. Even if plants do not survive winter, they often remain in St. Louis gardens for a number of years through self-seeding. Back to Previous Page. Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). The stem is square with very long internodes. It prefers full sun to partial shade and needs regular moisture. Purple Top. Verbena x hybrida aka Glandularia x hybrida. Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. Verbena. Blooms mid summer to fall. Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEBOB: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names purple top … The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. USDA (2007) However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. bra… Verbena canadensis, (Glandularia canadensis) is also sometimes used. Tolerates poor soils as long as drainage is good. Common Name(s): pretty verbena : purpletop vervain [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Verbena bonariensis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Verbena bonariensis Flowerheads are usually in groups of 3. Tall Verbena, Purple Top, Cluster Flower Vervain, Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening -, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_bonariensis&oldid=971240806, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Syst. As seed starts to mature at base last flowers still cling to top. Group/Species. Scientific Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian vervain Quantity Available: 30 Container Size: Quart Price: $7.00 Mature Height: 4' Mature Width: 3' Description: Rapid growing, clump forming habit with dark green foliage and tall stems with clusters of rose- … Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. bonariensis : purpletop vervain VEBOC: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Common Name(s): Argentinian Vervain; Brazilian Verbena; Clustertop Verbena; Purple Top; Tall Verbena; Tall Vervain; Vervain – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. Verbena brasiliensis Verbena californica Verbena canadensis Verbena canescens Kunth Verbena carnea Medik. It has become a favorite of North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers. This ability has raised concerns that it may become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats. They can be separated by the following differences: Verbena bonariensis has tubular flowers that are … The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden is fulfilling the … Common Name: Argentinian Vervain, Tall Verbena: Scientific Name: Verbena Bonariensis: Plant Family: Verbenaceae: Origin: Native to South America: Height: This is a tall perennial, suitable for the middle or back of the border and reaching a height of up to 1.5 metres (5 feet) No serious insect or disease problems. For the misapplication "Brazilian verbena" see below. It carries 2–3" clusters of pinkish purple blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems. This variety originated from South America where it is a common sight in most of the warm regions of Colombia, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. Sprays holding rounded clusters of mid purple flowers appear on long stiff angular stems. Seed may be sown directly in the garden after last frost date. Its long internodes give it a sparse appearance but allow it to intermingle and coexist with other plants. "The Names of Plants". Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Verbena demissa Verbena gla… Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in (10 cm) long. Spikes of Purple Goodness. is the moss verbena. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Watch for powdery mildew. , There are two named subspecies:. Origin. Find help & information on Verbena bonariensis purple top from the RHS. Each flower about 2 mm diam., subtended by a bract about 3-5 mm long. It is a perennial, hardy in USDA Zones 7-11. This is a newer hybrid variety of verbena that produces beautiful deep blue flowers. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensisfor example.
[Yuan & Olmstead (2008)]
Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species.
[E.g. They can be put at the front of the border without blocking the plants behind. purpletop, cluster flower vervain, tall verbena. See also below for a common misapplication of this taxon. Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Tender perennial that is winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-10. The dark green leaves are very narrow and very sparse, so the plants are remarkably light and airy. Verbena bonariensis. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Synonymous with V. patagonica.Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Verbena Purpletop vervain, Verbena bonariensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Verbena L. Type species Verbena officinalis L. Species Verbena alata Cham. Blue Princess verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Blue Princess’). The species, bonariensis was named for the city of Buenos Aires, in South America where it was first discovered. In St. Louis, grow as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5’ tall bearing clusters (to 2” across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. It can be grown as an annual in areas where it is not winter hardy and will bloom in the first year when grown from seed. Scientific name: Verbena bonariensis Pronunciation: ver-BEEN-nuh boe-nar-ree-EN-sis Common name(s): Purple Verbena Family: Verbenaceae Plant type: ground cover USDA hardiness zones: 7B through 10 (Fig. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Common name: Verbena, V. bonariensis = Tall verbena or Brazillian vervain. Other cultivars and species: Some other species and hybrids are also used. This is about the Verbena bonariensis described by Linnaeus. Gledhill, David (2008). The genus name comes from the Latin Verbena, a classical name for certain sacred branches, probably of Verbena officinalis of Europe. Sometimes, the common name 'Brazilian Verbena' or 'Brazilian Vervain' is found for this species. Verbena bonariensis aka V. patagonica. V. bonariensis is cultivated as an ornamental plant for traditional and drought tolerant and 'pollinator-host' gardens and parks. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. They can even grow up to four feet (1.2 meters) if over-fertilized. Cambridge University Press. This species offers a completely different look in Verbenas.  It has naturalized in a number of southern United States. It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions, from Colombia and Brazil to Argentina and Chile. bonariensis. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5â long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5â tall bearing clusters (to 2â across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. purpletop vervain Group or mass in mixed borders, meadows, cottage gardens. ‘Buenos’ means ‘good’ and ‘aires’ means ‘air’ (‘good air’). Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. Verbena bonariensis, tall verbena, is a long-flowering perennial native to South America. The Verbena genus consists of around 250 species, most of which are native to Europe and the Americas. Verbena bonariensis L. Flowers borne in terminal spikes about 1-4 cm long. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.. This species grows best in a well-drained soil.