He feigned himself mad — That he might escape out of their hands. 1 Samuel 21:13. DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. David's reply here has an element of humor in it. (Psalm 73:16-17). On that night with Michal, David had all night until the next morning to have prepared for such a journey; and presumably from his own home would have been able not only to carry his sword, but also any provisions he wished to take. Jesus Christ mentioned this event and also "the men that were with" David (Matthew 12:3-4). We little know with what hearts people come to the house of God, nor what use they will make of pretended devotion. In those days, as at the present time, "Easterners have a religious awe of madness and would not think of injuring those so afflicted."[19]. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. Bible commentary on the Book of 1 Samuel, chapter 21, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. But alone. "And David rose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". "Shall this fellow come into my house" (1 Samuel 21:15). This, of course gave him the opportunity to escape and keep the rendezvous with his men. David with Ahimelech. They merely refer to David's continued flight from Saul. All other rights reserved. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. 1 SAMUEL 21 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE INTRODUCTION Deffinbaugh wrote, “Saul made numerous attempts on David’s life. When his life stood in jeopardy, David went (1) first to Samuel; (2) then to his beloved Jonathan the prince; when neither of these could provide safety for him, what could have been more logical than (3) his going to see the High Priest in the tabernacle of the Lord at Nob. 14:3, and he being now dead, his successor in the priesthood, for they were both sons of Ahitub. Useful Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 21. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. The two episodes recorded in this chapter are quite logically arranged exactly where they occur in our text. Nob was but a village located a mile or two northeast of Jerusalem near Anathoth (Isaiah 10:32). . In those days, … 10. "[15] This fact also supports the figures given in the Bible for the weight of Goliath's armour, figures which were dismissed by one `scholar' as `pure guesswork.' David intended to ask Achish for permission to dwell in Gath, probably having good reason to suppose that Achish would have honored his request. © 2020 Christianity.com. "If only the young men have kept themselves from women" (1 Samuel 21:5). And David answered the priest, "Of a truth, women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today will their vessels be holy"? EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. Was afraid— Suspecting some extraordinary cause o… 1 Samuel 21:10-15. The monarchy of Israel begins with a narrative of despair and humility. ... 21 1 Then David came to v Nob, to w Ahimelech the priest. . . This is a reference to the Showbread, or the bread of the Presence as prescribed in the Mosaic Law (Exodus 24:5-9). "David came to Nob to Ahimelech" (1 Samuel 21:1). Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. 1 At that time Jesus went on the Sabbath through the grainfields, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. 1 Samuel 21 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. (1 Samuel 21:11). "Commentary on 1 Samuel 21:4". The superscriptions of Psalms 34; Psalms 52; and Psalms 56 are founded upon events in this chapter. For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste." It was holy from the fact of its being used in the tabernacle and only the priests were eligible to eat it. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. 1. 21 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? More than 60 years may have passed since the death of Eli, Israel’s chief priest (4:18). Ahimelech, the chief priest 1 Samuel 21:1. "Doeg the Edomite" (1 Samuel 21:7). "It is not impossible that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary for some crime. David with Ahimelech. "He went there to inquire of the Lord (1 Samuel 22:10), as he had done formerly (1 Samuel 5:15). (Read 1 Samuel 21:1-9) David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. We are free human agents. Cook wrote that, "The words here rendered `a cloth' actually refer to Goliath's military cloak, which was part of the dedicated trophy. In this place his person must have been known, and to venture into that country, he their greatest enemy, and with the sword of Goliath in his hand, would seem to have been a perilous experiment; but, doubtless, the protection he received … 1 Samuel 21. "[5] The great prophet of the Lord Samuel as well as the prince had proved powerless to protect David. Now therefore what is under thine hand? Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. So the priest gave him the holy bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which is removed from before the Lord, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.". ", "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The only scrap of truth in what he said regarded the fact that he seems to have had a number of men with him; and even that is not evident from this account. Only God and the event can distinguish between a David and a Doeg, when both are in the tabernacle. '"[20] This clarifies the whole episode. "Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came to meet David trembling, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one with you"? "Now therefore what is under thine hand? During those years, the chief priests lost much of their authority and their wealth. David asked of Ahimelech bread and a sword. 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, “Behold, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.” 3 But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions; 4 how he entered the … Bennett has a word of wisdom on this subject. View 1 Samuel . "And David arose and fled that day from Saul" (1 Samuel 21:10). But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “ Not until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the LORD and remain there forever.” Doeg set his foot as far within the tabernacle as David did. The priests of Nob had every opportunity to weigh it. David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. God's persecuted people have often found better usage from Philistines than from Israelites. God always gives us the best we will take, for his mercy endureth forever. David kind of figured this would be a problem down the road. I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. That David fled at once from Nob was no doubt due to the presence there of Doeg. Some were concealed, such as offering David one of his daughters in marriage (which required David to act valiantly in war to prove his worthiness as a husband – 18:17-29). Psalm 56 describes David’s journey from fear to praising as a prisoner in Gath. Here is David, anointed to be king; destined to rule over great lands and wealth, but living in caves on the run begging for food and fearing for his life. Those could have been let down by Michal as easily as she let down David outside the city wall. "Ahimelech was the son of Ahitub, either a brother of Ahijah, or Ahijah himself. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there … (1-9) David at Gath feigns himself mad. Doeg was an Edomite, and the descendants of Esau were a continual thorn in Israel's flesh. And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." David thought upon it afterward with regret. David had reason to put confidence in Achish, yet he began to be afraid. David . 1 Samuel 22 Chapter 21 David has now quite taken leave both of Saul’s court and of his camp, has bidden farewell to his alter idem—his other self, the beloved Jonathan; and henceforward to the end of this book he is looked upon and treated as an outlaw and proclaimed a traitor. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? (1 Samuel 20:38). AT GATH HE FEIGNS HIMSELF MAD. David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. Saul Tries to Kill David. Ahimelech — The chief priest, brother to that Ahiah, chap. Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. (1Sa 21:1-2) David, fleeing from Saul, comes to the city of Nob. Now then, what have you at hand? 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. "[10] The usual explanation of this, however, is that of Porter, "It is generally assumed that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary under some priestly discipline. "The king has charged me with a matter" (1 Samuel 21:2). Had he trusted God aright, he would not have used such a sorry, sinful shift for his own preservation. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. Besides that, Jonathan had specifically warned David in the preceding chapter, "Hurry! We appreciate the words of Keil regarding this chapter to the effect that, "It removes the objections raised by critics to the historical credibility of the narrative before US. Eli the priest led him. It is also possible that the ark of the covenant had been brought to Nob from Kiriath-jearim by Saul in the early part of his reign. 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