1099 AD – 1291 AD Muhammed moved towards Mecca with 10,000 men and the battle was won without a single drop of blood. 395 AD As Carthage grew, the relations with the Numidians flourished. He protected the cultures and restored the temples in the newly acquired cities. 1200 AD 3000-550 BC: Ptolemaic: Roman/Byz: Indus civilization ca. A strong, unified, and centralized Chinese state emerged. This road connected the Medes with Babylonia, Assyria, Armenia, and the Mediterranean Sea in the West, and with Parthia, Arya, Bactria, Sogdiana, and China in the East. Their mandates were annual and each Consul could veto the actions or decisions of the other. 12th Century – 4th century BC The peace between Persia and Byzantium forced the Persians to return conquered territories. Also, it's weird to me to have the "African" civilizations so far away from the Egyptian civilization. The Greeks won against the Persians, who fought with the help of the Phoenician Navy. 28th of January, 814 AD The Mayan Civilization inhabited a vast region known as Mesoamerica, in the territory today comprised of 5 states to the southeast of Mexico. Qin Dynasty. 5th century – 7th century They get their name from the village of Mycenae in Peloponnese. It remains present in popular culture and one can see its reiterations on film, art, architecture, and literature. The Babylonians take Jerusalem. 1202 AD – 1261 AD Charlemagne was the battle and ordered the slaughter of thousands of pagan Saxon prisoners. History, map and timeline of the Middle East 3500 BCE, ... and already ancient – civilizations, with a complex commercial life, bureaucracies, ... whilst in the Mediterranean land a number of brilliant city-state civilizations, most notably the Greeks, now flourish. The Mongol empire was the most extensive in history. Darius II collaborated with Sparta in the Peloponnesian Wars and defeated Athens. 1220 AD They exported large luxury items to other regions, like polychromatic ceramics, feather art, silverware, carvings in rock crystal, bone, and wood; as well as subsistence goods, which were typical of the tropics and temperate zones. With this victory, the Latin tribes evacuated Campania until they were integrated into the Roman Republic. Archaic Era: In the beginning, the people were illiterate. 628 AD 1325 AD Jerusalem becomes the capital of the reign of David. Society was ordered according to the beliefs of Hinduism with a rigid Caste System. Its influence has been felt throughout centuries of history and many countries still have ample evidence in the form of monuments and buildings which date back to that period. 63 BC They reached their greatest extension with Trajan, ranging from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the shores of the Caspian sea, Red sea, and Persian Gulf in the east and from the Sahara Desert in the south to the coasts of the Rhine and Danube rivers and the frontiers of Caledonia (Ancient Scotland) in the north. Our combined focus on ancient cultural history in its broadest sense and on perspectives offered by cultural criticism enables students to examine the beginnings of the civilization in which they now participate. 518 BC Only the archeological site of Knossos is reconstructed to show a Mycenaean who invaded Crete and took power. The original Greek name was Romania or Basileia Romanion : Roman Empire, direct translation of the name in Latin, Imperium Romanorum. TY - BOOK. Nebuchadnezzar became the King of Babylonia. 498 BC – 493 BC Carthage falls. 578 BC – 535 BC 247 BC T2 - From Prehistory to 640 CE. For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around 3100 B.C. To this day, no one knows what happened between them, though it is probable that Attila withdrew his troops due to the hunger and sickness that his military was suffering through and that would impede his ability to maintain a siege against Rome. Greeks populated the west coast of Anatolia. The population became 50 million. Roman civilization emerged around the sixth century BC. 2nd century – 6th century Irititicame decided that they would establish themselves in the modern state of Michoacan, Mexico, and conquer the neighboring people of Naraxan. They successfully reunified China after the period of the three kingdoms. They are Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Yucatan; and in Central America, in the modern-day territories of Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. The first acts of canalization and Hieroglyphic writing emerges. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. 772 AD The historical territory of the Mixtecans is the area known today as Mixteca, divided between the Mexican states of Puebla, Oaxaca, and Guerrero. Persia was conquered by Genghis Khan. In 311 AD and 316 AD, the nomads of the north conquered Northern China, and the Jin Dynasty governed the south until 420 AD. tl_categories_checked(); In addition, the main migration of a group of Homo sapiens that are the … Continue reading "Timeline of Ancient Africa" 1350 BC – 1100 BC 6th-5th century BC They were distinguished from all the tribes and nations surrounding them, forming a uniform society composed of small states, usually independent of each other, but united by the ties of language, beliefs, customs, and similar laws, revealing a common origin. What they asked for most was a long earthly life to avoid the torments of the afterlife. The Temple in Jerusalem is reconstructed. With the victory of Octavius against Mark Antony, the Republic annexed the great riches of Egypt. They invaded Xochimilco. This video documents Ancient western civilization from it's beginning, in 3500BC, to it's end with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476AD. He changed Babylonia into a center of trade in the Middle East. This culture developed in Mesoamerica during the Middle Preclassic Period. 1070 BC – 656 BC The image of the Mayans as a society governed by priests was knocked down when it was discovered that the cities were in constant war with each other. Julius Dynasty – Claudiana: The successors of Augustus demonstrated the weaknesses of a hereditary dynastic system. 1000 BC Baal was a god (possibly of the son) of various peoples from Asia Minor and those influenced by Asia Minor. No written texts survived from this era. Courses for this major address common questions about the transmission and transformation of cultures in the ancient Mediterranean world. There, Pope Leon I met in secret with him, and after this, Attila ordered the withdrawal of his troops without explanation. Crete reached its greatest peak as part of the Minoan Civilization. Venice possessed Crete until the middle of the XVII century. 2500 BC – 2600 BC They conquered Byzantium and Damascus (Syria) was defeated. 500 BC The first census in the world is attributed to him. The Sui Dynasty brought the reunification of the south and the north, The Grand Canal was constructed and extended the Great Wall of China. Ancient Civ 3 Civilizations. 681 AD 697-708 650 BC 264 BC – 241 BC During its golden age it influenced its neighbors and inspired other cultures as well as handed down scientific and cultural knowledge to the subsequent generations. Servio Tulio is the sixth king of Rome. Trade was strongly developed and the concept of private property was created. In the end, they faced invasions from the People of the Sea, people from the Aegean Sea and Libya. The king Attila the Hun marched against Rome. 570 AD Sparta is the prominent city-state at first, and then Thebes 2. Aegean civilizations, the Stone and Bronze Age civilizations that arose and flourished in the area of the Aegean Sea in the periods, respectively, about 7000–3000 bc and about 3000–1000 bc. The followers of Islam are called Muslims (All of those who accept the will of a god). 1100 AD This easy-to-use and interactive Timeline helps you to navigate the various cities, monuments, peoples and cultures of the ancient Near East and Mediterranean worlds, with hundreds of entries to expand and revise your knowledge. As you will see from the timeline, power changed hands many times throughout the ancient history of this area. Year of the Elephant, Muhammed is born in Mecca. It divided the year into 12 months and determined the agricultural and political activities for each month. 1200 BC Marked with a tendency towards architecture and stylization. It also ensured a good sequence of leaders until Marcus Aurelius broke the rule, designating his son, Comodo, a decision that would be disastrous. The central area of Olmeca, or metropolitan area, extended to the southeastern part of the state of Veracruz and the western part of Tabasco. In addition, he established an important network of alliances through his marriages. Mesoamerica is an area defined by the culture. 64 BC The Arabs, recently converted to Islam, take Ctesiphon (Modern Iraq). 334 BC With the reign of Ogodei, the conquest of the Jin Dynasty in China and the conquest in Persia were completed. Cyrus conquered Babylonia and presented himself as the savior of the conquered nations. 320 AD – 927 AD The name Phoenicia comes from the Greeks. Octavian founded in its place the Roman colony Julian Carthage, which became the capital of the Roman province in Africa, one of the most important producers of grain in the empire. In this period, the first Chinese calendar was produced. 20 BC 629 AD 13000 BC 264 BC – 146 BC From around the 6th century BC The Romans ruled over the biggest chunk of land in that era – all the present day counties surrounding the modern day Mediterranean sea were a part of ancient Rome. 2500-1500 BC: Vedic age ca. 2000 BC – 1700 BC In the year 30 Bc, Cleopatra died. The Mixtecans shared numerous cultural features with their neighbors, the Zapotecans. The oldest registered Olmec Center is San Lorenzo, located in the basin of the Coatzacoalcos River, in the State of Veracruz. Welcome to the Ancient Cities Timeline!. 3000-550 BC. Philip of Macedonia united the Greeks by force, paving the road for his son Alexander the Great. Gupta occupied the greater part of Northern India and Eastern Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Ancient Civilizations: The Mediterranean and Europe – The Roman Empire The Roman Empire was one of the most extensive empires that has existed on the face of the Earth. Constantine IV defeated the Arab fleet by using Greek Fire for the first time. Initially, the Consuls possessed all the powers of the king, but shared between the two of them. It was the first year of the reign of Muhammed as a secular governor as well as a religious leader. The name “Numidia” comes from the Greek word for “Nomad”. They are considered to be the mother culture of Mesoamerican civilization. A cultural hearth is a place where a culture first developed. At the height of its power, the Roman Empire ruled over a huge chunk of land, and all the present-day Mediterranean countries were part of ancient Rome. Unit 3 Ancient Civ. Tarasco comes from the word tarascue (my son-in-law or my father-in-law), used by the indigenous people to refer to the first Spaniards. The Achaemenid empire reached its height in the year 500 BC when it started to encompass the parts of modern-day Libya, Greece, Bulgaria, and Pakistan, as well as certain areas of Caucasus, Sudan, and Central Asia. Mythical date in which Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo occupied the Cuzco Valley and they became the first Incans. Teotihuacan controlled the Mayan centers of this period through war and political dominance, but above all through cultural influences and access to a variety of natural resources like cacao, which was a basic good in trade networks. The Roman Empire was characterized by an autocratic form of government (absolute power of one single person). 240 AD – 550 AD Their power, aggressiveness and their combat tactics were a very effective for the triumph of Islam over the great sedentary empires of their neighbors. This is the date that most of the sculptures and architectural elements that characterize the Olmec culture were made. 3000 BC, when all of ancient Egypt was united as a single state. It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BCE to 300 BCE. Categories: 25th century – 12 century BC The existence of written documents from long ago has allowed the development in China of precise historiographical tradition that offers a continuous narration from the first dynasties to the contemporary age. This was the era of great thinkers and philosophers like Confucius and Lao Tzu. 2600 BC – 2000 BC I would agree with what others have said about the "Ascent of Man" picture being misleading (for a lot of reasons). The Assyrian empire became the first great military empire of Mesopotamia. The Greeks emerged in the course of the 2nd millennium BCE through the superimposition of a branch of the Indo-Europeans on the population of the Mediterranean region during the great migrations of nations that started in the region of the lower Danube. As well as Crete, other islands of the Aegean Sea (Cyclades and Rhodes) and places in Asia Minor show Mycenaean deposits. The first hunter-gatherer human groups arrived. Teotihuacan’s Cultural Peak. Charlemagne conquered the Lombards. This was the year 0 in the Roman calendar. The war ended 45 years later with complete occupation of the Chinese territory. The Phoenicians establish themselves on the coasts of Syria and Libya, coming from Arabia in the 4th century BC. A 260-day calendar is used as a civil calendar. 773 AD – 774 AD Slaves in Greece: from the 7th century BC Both the leading states of Greece - Sparta and Athens - depend entirely upon forced labour, though the system in Sparta is … This is the end of the Persian empire. 1700 BC – 1350 BC The Mexican mythology, being very diverse but practically made under the mandate of Tlacelel, originated in Chicomoztoc (nahuatl: Chicome-oztotli-co, “Place of the seven caves”), a site related to Aztlan, from where the word Aztec is derived. From this era come the most ancient ceramic vestiges of Mesoamerica found in Port Vallarta, Gro. 1063 AD – 1115 AD Their major cities were Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and Arwad. 825 – 820 BC After his death, the previous Emperor that governed all of the Roman Empire, Flavio Theodosius, split the kingdom amongst his children: Arcadio received the Eastern Empire, consisting of the Balcan Peninsula, Anatolia, the Middle East, and Egypt which came to be called the Byzantine Empire. In Africa, she bought a piece of land on the cast from the Libyan king Jarbas where she founded Carthage, a city that very shortly after would inherit the maritime and trade supremacy of the Phoenician world. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. 2000 BC – 1500 BC The small island was overgrown with tulares, reeds, and rich aquatic diversity that allowed for subsistence as well as strategic military positions, even then, their first years would still be dangerous. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. For being a mountainous region, it has historically been a military stronghold for several peoples. Theocratic Period. Education and writing, on the recently developed rice paper, were both encouraged. They destroy the temple of Jerusalem. At Smarthistory we believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. Assyria was a country of antiquity situated in Southeastern Asia in ancient Mesopotamia, in the valley of the Tigris river whose limits were: the northern Armenian mountains, the Chaldeans (Babylonians) to the south, and to the east, the center, and the west, Mesopotamia. This is the period of the famous poems of Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Gupta empire was one of the largest political and military empires in Indian history. The kings of this dynasty practiced the art of prophecy. They created the Greek alphabet based on the Phoenician alphabet. The history of Monte Alban begins. 609 BC 4th century BC – 2nd century AD This was instituted by the Roman Emperor Diocletian, whom appointed Maximian Augustus of the West. They coincided with the Canaanite people of the bible. The timeline above show the four earliest places where civilization began. 504 BC In what can be considered as the final crisis of classic Islam since political dominance in the Muslim world passed from the Arabic ethnicity to the Turkish ethnicity, coming from Central Asia, which will end up embodying the growing territorial power of the Ottoman Empire. 636 Coba in Quintana is the oldest theocratic center in the northeast of the Yucatan Peninsula. Ancient Egypt ca. The Hebrews were an ancient Semite people from the Middle East and they were ancestors of the Israelites and the original Jews of Mesopotamia. Agriculture, industry, and trade flourished. Exact dating of this eruption is important because it provides a prominent marker horizon through which ancient timelines of the East Mediterranean, Egypt, and the Levant can be synchronized. 555 BC – 529 BC There is improvement and development of communications over land and sea through construction of roads and ports, which allowed merchant ships to trade agricultural and artistic products for raw materials. 3500-550 BC: Per1: inter-Persian: Per2: Egyptian civilization ca. The first societies appeared with monumental architecture. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. The birth of Egyptian civilization is usually placed at ca. 1761 BC Hannibal the Great rises to the throne. – 476 A.D. Arts & Culture It developed on an island on the border of Tabasco and Veracruz. 623 AD Cyrus “The Great” conquered the kingdom of Lidia (modern-day Turkish province) in Asia Minor. B.C.E. Nice looking timeline! The Mongols were a nomadic tribe from the north. Following the customs of the time, historians later marked that year as the start of the Muslim calendar. Its original name and the ethnic group that founded it are not known. 1227 AD In this period, Hinduism had acquired its main characteristics: the main gods, the religious practices, and the importance of temples. During the Pre-Dynastic period, the small settlements prospered along the Nile River. Babylonia conquers Judea. They were very advanced with a system of irrigation and a way to control the river with the intent to water the almost desert-like territory to the north. 3500-550 BC: Per1: inter-Persian: Per2: Egyptian civilization ca. A line of Sabine, Latin and Etruscan (earlier Italian civil… It was armed with a weapon that was used exclusively by the Greeks, the Greek Fire. This kingdom was consolidated during the 5th century (730 BC) and experienced an important increase in power during the 4th century BC with the government of Philip II, who changed Macedonia into the main power in Greece. 200 AD This primary source material will be studied in the context of a clear chronological timeline and frequent map work. READ MORE: Battle of Yarmouk READ MORE: The Development of Constantinople READ MORE: The Second Punic War Through war an… They were famed in Classical Greece and Rome as ‘traders in purple’, referring to their monopoly on the precious purpl… All were fiercely independent, rival cities and, unlike the neighboring inland states, the Phoenicians represented a confederation of maritime traders rather than a defined country. Established by Liu Bang. 5500 BC – 3100 BC 800 BC – 869 AD While it is a continuation of the Eastern Roman Empire, its transformation into a separate cultural entity can be seen as a process that started when Emperor Constantine I moved the capital to ancient Byzantium (which was then renamed New Rome); he continued with the definitive splitting of the Roman Empire into two parts after the death of Theodosius I in 395 AD and the subsequent disappearance in 476 AD of the Western Roman Empire. There were no relations between distant provinces. These tribes didn’t recognize the power that they would’ve had together. 650 AD • Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations Timeline (10000 BC to 700 AD) 29 BC 634 AD Social war. They currently call themselves P’urepechans, which derives from the way that the social and cultural classes of the workers and warriors were referenced. 79 AD – 81 AD The Tarascan Culture is a Precolombian culture from Mexico that flourished mainly in the eastern region of the state of Michoacan. The format is the era or dates in the far left column (column #1), followed by a summary of the period called the Overview which may be further divided by region horizontally (column #2), followed by the main geographic area ( the Mediterranean, what we call the Middle East today, but in the context of ancient history is usually called the Ancient Near East (A.N.E. In the hands of a group of Andalusian Muslims. Han Dynasty. Invasion of the Teotihuacans whose military and cultural influence was felt since then in the entire Mayan kingdom. This is the region where the first Neolithic Revolution arose (8th century BC) and later, the Urban Revolution (4th Century BC). The Vandals (German people) conquered Carthage. 626 AD Timeline - Ancient Civilization (4000 BC - 500 BC) 20 terms. The Recent Helladic Period I: The cultural characteristics of the Mycenaean civilization were built in this period. } Cesar Augusto. 265-420 AD 1600-1045 BC The warrior Temudjin united all the Mongolian tribes under his command when he was declared Great Khan, with the name Genghis Khan. Christmas day, Pope Leon III coronated Charlemagne as emperor over the Roman Empire. The last Mayan state disappeared when the Mexican government of Porfirio Diaz occupied their capital in 1901, Chan Santa Cruz (Modern-day Felipe Carrillo Puero, Quintana Roo), giving an end to the so-called Caste War. Unlike what happened in Central Mexico, most of the Mixtecans established agreements with the Spaniards and a mutual adaptation of culture arose that in time allowed for the Mixtecans to retain several of their traditions and customs such as their language, business practices, agricultural methods etc. 338 BC 284 AD – 304 AD Amongst them is Monte Negro and Huamelulpan. Located in North Africa, around modern-day Morocco, Algeria, and Libya. During the wars in Western China, Genghis Khan died from illness. 2500-1500 BC: Vedic age ca. Your email address will not be published. 610 AD The Tayronans, descendants of the Chibchans, reached a level of development envied by other Colombian cultures. It was shot from a canon of bronze like a flamethrower. The Moche culture declined rapidly with the arrival of the Chimu culture. 614 BC 634 AD – 644 AD The Carthaginians were allied with the Etruscans against the Greeks. They were established in the mountains are were Hellenized. Hammurabi conquered the city of Larsa and declared himself emperor. Eastern Phoenicia established commercial routes and colonies in the Mediterranean. 1900 BC Select: all / none. Ancient Civilization Timeline: The 16 Oldest Cultures Acces PDF Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations From Prehistory Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations From Prehistory Kobo Reading App: This is another nice e-reader app that's available for Windows Phone, BlackBerry, Android, iPhone, iPad, and Windows and Mac computers. 800 AD This seminar-style class will explore the political, economic, social, and cultural achievements of the civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean world from their origins through the fall of Rome. Only some parts of the Mixtecans resisted with military force to the Spaniard conquest like Tututepec. This migration is called the Hegira. 206 BC-220 AD Jul 11, 2013 - Explore Amy Carlotta's board "Timeline Project" on Pinterest. It is known as the Hammurabi Code. Cyrus II “The Great” conquered the Median empire, which formed part of the Persian empire. The kings of Gupta established an effective administrative system and a strong central power allowing local autonomy in times of peace. 1st Century – 9th Century Attila threw a powerful counterattack that was carried to the very gates of Rome. It was a simple system that permitted the diffusion of knowledge and culture. 622 AD This region saw the development of an indigenous civilization in the frame of a mosaic of great ethnic and linguistic diversity. Mediterranean Timeline. For this period, three chronologies are traditionally handled differently, known as “high”, “middle”, and “low”. Greece would give Alexander the Great a path to construct an empire, overtaking the Archaemenids and Egyptians. 146 BC – 330 AD The Canaanite people of the coast start to become known as Phoenicians. (Zoroastrianism). The timeline above show the four earliest places where civilization began. Flavio Theodosius declared Catholic Christianity as the only legitimate imperial religion imperial, ending the traditional Roman religion with the support of the State. 494 BC 1000-700 BC The Fourth Crusade, which began with the retaking of the Holy Land, changed course and ended with the conquest of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, called “Romaniae Empire” (in Latin). Full sedentarization begins. The Medes controlled the East-West trade, but they also were rich in agricultural production. Worksheet. 632 It had reduced coastlines. The constant attacks from Norsemen forces the emperors to solicit support from the Republic of Venice in exchange for a series of trade benefits. In its prime, it extended from the Korean peninsula to the Danube river. Despite that the borders of the Medes were never perfectly fixed, their territory corresponded to modern-day North East Iran. Established by Genghis Khan, the empire came to occupy and maximum extension of some 33 million square kilometers and more than 100 million inhabitants, including some of the most advanced and populated nations of the time, like China, Iraq, Iran, and countries of Central Asia and Asia Minor. The Huari culture arose in the area of Ayacucho. The Incan empire was a South American State governed by the Incans that swept through the western part of the subcontinent between the 15th and 16th centuries. However, their art had an influence even on the great Incan Civilization. This was the first dynasty of reunified China, which was much larger than when it was under the Zhou Dynasty. Y1 - 2011. 0 – 200 AD Assyria became an empire. 2500 BC – 2400 BC It is believed to be the world described by Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey. An era of great splendor for this civilization. 1045-256 BC T1 - Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations. 1500 BC States & Territories During its greatest peak, it reached 400,000 inhabitants, buildings that stood 6 or 7 stories tall, a unified sewage system, and dozens of public baths. One of the great mathematical contributions, above all from the Mexicans, was the invention of the Nepohualtzintzin which is an abacus used for carrying out arithmetic operations quickly. Palaces were reconstructed and a great period of growth begins in the civilization. Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. : Per2: Egyptian civilization ca ideas about timeline project, ancient, civilizations! End as well as the Colosseum of ancient history Encyclopedia logo is Precolombian... 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2020 ancient mediterranean civilizations timeline