(Technically, Healy’s and Hellen’s fish shared the record because a new record must increase the weight by two ounces.) Some populations travel from freshwater to the ocean as they reach adulthood. When it comes time to spawn, these fish generally return to the same streams that they hatched from. Description The brook trout—also called the speckled trout—is a beautifully colored fish with yellow spots over an olive-green back. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The brown trout (Salmo trutta) is an originally European species of salmonid fish. People have released this fish into waterways of North America, South America, other parts of Africa, Australia and the surrounding islands, and more. The adult “rainbow” is distinguished by its silver colour and dark olive green back covered with many small black spots. Trout fishing records. Climate change, pollution, and overfishing have all caused decline in some populations and regions. Although it is called a trout, it is actually a char. They also have brown and black spots along their flanks. Spooky and difficult to catch. They are genetically homogenous, and many populations reserve the option to be migrate out to sea. Browns that spend their lives in the ocean before entering rivers to spawn are called sea trout. At the flanks, dorsal fin and tail, you can find the … An adaptable, intelligent and beneficial addition to our ecology, particularly with respect to climate change. Adults measure between 7 and 39 in. Figure 2. Nothing could be further from the truth. When salmon or other trout are spawning, egg patterns can also be very effective. Brown trout are tawny to olive brown dorsally to mid side, often with a brassy appearance. Most trouts are fresh water fish. long, and weigh up to 55 lbs.! Brown trout occur naturally throughout Europe, western Asia and North Africa, but can be found on every continent excluding Antarctica, as well as many islands. Derived from the Europe and western Asia, the Brown trout has now … Brown trout I caught during the summer of 2014 in a small tributary (Ruby River) to the Beaverhead River in Southwestern Montana by means of fly angling. Since this trout is quite adaptable, it has been further divided into several different species. Facts about Brook Trout 4: the physical appearance of Brook trout The body of brook trout is in brown and dark green tone. Science Name: Salmo trutta Other Names: German brown, Loch Leven trout, brownie, sea trout Ideal Temp: 56 to 66 World Record: 40 lbs. Rainbow trout are a cool water species of salmonid which are distributed widely around the world. The brook trout is part of the salmon family of fish. Even young members of this species establish territories for themselves. Trout are closely related to salmon . Some of its closest relatives include the salmon, grayling, whitefish, char, and more. These fish have a number of unique traits and behaviors. As such, they’re not under threat at all as a whole. It has been introduced to many other areas of the world and is recognized by the light-ringed black spots on the brown body. Brown trout were widely stocked in the first half of this century, but today most come from natural reproduction. Brown trout are best fished at dusk or early dawn. Many species of trout are about 1 foot (30 centimeters) long. Brown Trout Fishing Facts Back in the late 1880's, about when my grandparents were making their way to America, another immigrant was also finding regions and parts of this country to call home. These fish inhabit cold streams and rivers, while some subspecies spend part of their life in the ocean. They are distinguished chiefly by the fact that the brown trout is largely a freshwater fish, while the sea trout shows anadromous reproduction, migrating to the oceans for much of its life and returning to freshwater only to spawn. Brown trout are native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. Despite its name – it can be of almost every colour – from silver (Sea Trout) to black – with a dark back and slighter belly. 4 ounces Ark. There are 15 subspecies of rainbow trout that are native to western parts of North America. The native range of this species spreads from Europe into Asia and northern Africa. Trout facts Trout and other sports fish provide significant recreational, health, environmental and economic benefits to New Zealand as a whole. Although there are currently no recognized subspecies of brown trout, there are three basic morphs (distinct behavioral populations within a species): those that in habit freshwater rivers (Salmo trutta morpha fario), lake populations (Salmo trutta morpha lacustrine), and anadromous forms (Salmo trutta morpha trutta). Facts about Brook Trout 5: the weight and length. Since this trout is quite adaptable, it has been further divided into several different species. They keep these fish in large tanks that replicate their natural habitats as closely as possible. Because of these sporting qualities, the species has been stocked in waters well outside its range, a result of the recreation craze and empire-building of the 19th Century. McAffee (1966) specifically lists Lahontan cutthroats O. c. henshawi as being replaced by Brown Trout. Brook Trout and Brown Trout may seem similar at first, but these are two very distinct creatures. Animals . However, once out of the water the typical large round spots, accented by a light colored hollow, begin to show. Rainbow trout vary in colour from olive green to steely blue, with a lighter belly and sides. Brown trout often hide under rocks and streamside vegetation, and immediately seek cover if they see movement on the riverbank. Their diet varies based on their age, and thus, their size. Like some other trout though, they also do very well living in lakes and reservoirs. The current IGFA all-tackle record—a ludicrously fat 42-pound, 1-ounce slob—was caught by New Zealand angler Otwin Kandolf from Ohau Canal in March 2013. Figure 2. Fish in different regions spawn at different times of year. Some types live in the ocean but return to fresh water to breed. Trout were first introduced into New South Wales in 1873. Humans interact with this species quite frequently, and human interaction is part of the reason this species has spread across the globe. Minimum sizes: 60 cm: In the inland waters north of 64.00º latitude and south of 67.00º latitude. The brown trout, which includes several varieties such as the Loch Leven trout of Great Britain, is of the family Salmonidae. Having two hooks helps increase your hookup rate as well. Rainbow trout is a member of salmon family. For instance, the ferox trout inhabits nutrient-poor lakes in Great Britain and Ireland, and the Gillaroo is a snail-eating trout of Ireland’s Lough Melvin. Within the park, brown trout have successfully colonized the lower gradient reaches of the Rose and Hughes Rivers since initial stockings in the 1960s and more recently have invaded upstream into Brokenback Run from its confluence with the Hughes.