You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. The effect of polygenes is cumulative on coat color genetics. A short video explaining some of the genetics of cat coat colour. Female kittens take one color gene from each parent. A: Agouti vs. non-agouti. hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. The cat coat colour, eye, and skin colour is a result of present pigments. A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). 88 21 There are currently four known alleles of the C locus in cats C, c s, c b, and c, with c being the most recessive and C being dominant. 0000003902 00000 n 108 0 obj <>stream ♦  Learn more♦  View the gallery♦ Order merchandise. GENETICS. The Absolute Basic Idea of Color Genetics . x�b```"Yv>Ad`B��F��lx��8~�a`0�����,C�UA�,�A59sv[{$��Y�m�&,V�XW���\�5�k���vI�=�ʬS��*oe�%�.�~l���ۄCI疜��~f@&���[���. Siamese cats carry the Himalayan gene, which is a mutation at the C locus (a fixed position on a chromosome where a particular gene is located), causing partial albinism on warmer parts of the body. 6. Jul 19, 2015 - COLOUR AND PATTERN CHARTS for every cat color in existence. An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. 0000001176 00000 n Summary of series List of alleles for reference. Parti-color cats (blue-cream, tortie, calico) are almost always female, but males can and do occur occasionally (and are not always sterile). Tabby cats are striped due to the agouti gene. Software such as Breeders Assistant for Cats can help by taking the legwork out of working out the color … The body is warmer, and stays a lighter color. Furthermore, these genes are located on the arm of the X chromosome only, and are not present on theY chromosome. Cats come in an array of gorgeous colors and patterns. Two classic tabby parents cannot produce a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby kitten. The Cat Fanciers’ Association, Inc.260 East Main Street, Alliance, OH  44601Phone: (330) 680-4070   /    Fax: (330) 680-4633. Where the color appears is the coolest part of the cat, that is the head, paws and tail. Cats have 38 chromosomes in each cell, while we have 46. Melanin is deposited in the... 2. The genetics involved in producing the ideal tabby, tipped, shaded, or smoke cat is complex. This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. If two cats are bred that carry for Chocolate, there is a chance of the kittens being Chocolate. Genes for basic colours, including Colorpoint (Locus C), Agouti (Locus A), Orange (Locus O) and Locus E. These are the genes that make the pigments that give the basic colours to the cat. 5. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. Liver The B series. These are the genes that modify the colours d… Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. xref This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. Genetics for solid white cats can affect the possible color/pattern of expected kittens in that the white parent may be masking the color/pattern needed to produce this result. … 2. A shaded cat must have at least one parent that is a shaded (see #21). 0000002624 00000 n 0000002317 00000 n When PATTERN is used, it refers to pattern only (tabby, shaded, smoke, etc.). Brown, chocolate, cinnamon and similar coat colors are products of the feline primary gene for coat … Want to see what two potential cats can produce, use this online coat colour calculator! The most common colors for cat fur are black, white, brown and red / ginger / orange. There are currently over 70 breeds of cats recognized by one cat … The characteristic cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next without showing that characteristic in each generation. E: Brown: B > b > b l: Brown variants have reduced eumelanin and appear brownish in color. Only the immediate parents determine the color/pattern of a kitten. A silver tabby must have at least one silver tabby, shaded or smoke parent (see #13). Also, if a breeder isn’t too sure of genetics and wants to breed for certain color(s), this should help plan out breedings. Two colorpointed parents cannot produce a non-colorpointed offspring. The inner rings show the hidden color genes carried by the dog. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). CONTACT. Color DNA Calculator. For more information, please refer to books on the subject. These more unusual colors are genetically recessive or diluted versions of the darker colors. 0000003301 00000 n 0000001306 00000 n To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). Color Point and Albino Color Point dilutions and Albino are the result of mutations at the "C" locus that codes for the enzyme Tyrosinase. Pigmentation. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or cream color/patterns PLUS the dam must in some form demonstrate red or cream (see #21). <<8E90A8905EAD1E46B300A443B0D66E59>]>> Dilution (blue and isabella) The D series. Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. These cats have the genes for both black and red color as well as the white spotting gene. The colors in hair, skin, and eyes are caused by the presence of melanin. Tabby cats usually show the following traits: Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. “Feline Genetics” in A Standard Guide to Cat Breeds, McGraw Hill, New York, l979. The cat may be genetically black, genetically cream etc, but the presence of the white gene obscures the colour. Both of the cats above have the same major allele – O – which is responsible for their red coats. Kittens are born blind. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. One notable exception is the colorpoint gene, which can carry through a number of generations (see #21 & #24). Breeds, "Purebred," and Pedigree. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. The dilute gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce a dilute offspring. A (non-silver) tabby must have at least one parent that is either a shaded or a tabby. 0000007368 00000 n Non-agouti, aa, cats are solid (self) in color. Male kittens always obtain both color genes from the dam. 88 0 obj <> endobj When you take away all the fancy modifications, additions, dilutions, etc of cat genetics, you will discover that really, there are only 2 genes for color. 0000027544 00000 n Please free to start testing! Ticking and Tabby Patterns. A red tabby that is not a true tabby cannot produce a tabby offspring of any other color without being bred to a true tabby or a shaded. Welcome to the first DNA calculator that is combined with actual dogs and filters. Entries in the table show the probabilities of producing various coat colors within a litter. There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1.
2020 cat color genetics