2. When disclosed, it may be as clear, and as capable of comprehension, as any other truth. 8. The sense is, that John was to write the mystery of these stars, or the mystical sense of them: and the seven golden candlesticks; the mystery, or mysterious sense of them also; for the words are in a continued connection with Revelation 1:19, and have respect to the following interpretation of them, and to the epistles in the following chapter, which are mystical, and prophetical of the state of the churches in all succeeding ages: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches; that is, the seven stars which John saw in Christ's right hand, represent the angels, or pastors of the seven churches of Asia, and in them all the pastors and ministers of the churches in all the periods of time until Christ's second coming. For whereas there were many presbyters in each of the larger churches (as for example, Ephesus, Smyrna, &c.), there was but one angel, whom, moreover, the Chief Shepherd and Bishop of souls holds responsible for the spiritual state of the Church under him. 20 This is the meaning of the mystery of the seven stars you saw in my right hand and the seven gold lampstands: The seven stars are the angels * of the seven churches, and … These are compared by Daniel (Daniel 12:3) to stars. His former sufferings; I was dead: the very same whom his disciples saw upon the cross. (4-8) Declares when, where, and how, the revelation was made to him. To get what Revelation 1:20 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. This chapter contains the prologue of the book, followed by the vision and commission of John. It was for the churches, but was committed to the "angel" as representing the church, and to be communicated to the church under his care. It is the final and most powerful warning given to the world. (14) That is, the thing which was mystical signified by the particulars of the vision before going. The sword represented his justice, and his word, piercing to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, Heb 4:12. He doth not call them the seven churches of Asia, but seven churches. (b) There is no evidence that there were any such groups of churches then as constitute an episcopal diocese. (2) it cannot be shown to mean, as Lord (in loco) supposes, messengers that the churches had sent to John, and that these letters were given to them to be returned by them to the churches; for:(a) there is no evidence that any such messenger had been sent to John;(b) there is no probability that while he was a banished exile in Patmos such a thing would be permitted;(c) the message was not sent by them, it was sent to them "Unto the angel of the church in Ephesus write," etc. and the seven golden candlesticks; the mystery, or mysterious sense of them also; for the words are in a continued connection with Revelation 1:19, and have respect to the following interpretation of them, and to the epistles in the following chapter, which are mystical, and prophetical of the state of the churches in all succeeding ages: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches; that is, the seven stars which John saw in Christ's right hand, represent the angels, or pastors of the seven churches of Asia, and in them all the pastors and ministers of the churches in all the periods of time until Christ's second coming. It is urged that, if an individual may have a guardian angel, so may a Church. It is generally agreed that the word ‘mystery’ here depends on ‘write,’ and that it is in apposition with the ‘things which thou sawest’ The word denotes what man cannot know by his natural powers, or without the help of Divine revelation. This does not refer to them as a collective or associated body, for the addresses are made to them as individuals - an epistle being directed to "the angel" of each particular church, Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:12, etc. of By angels he means God’s messengers and ambassadors to the seven churches, called angels, both in respect of their office, being the ambassadors of Christ, 2 Corinthians 5:20, and of that holiness which they should show forth in their doctrine and life. Words of instruction; telling who thus appeared. By the other three, the state of all churches for one hundred and fifty years last past, and which shall be to the end of the world. The word "angel" properly means a messenger, and is thus applied to celestial beings as messengers sent forth from God to convey or to do his will. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which you saw are the seven churches. and these churches also, all but Ephesus, very obscure ones; why not to the churches at Antioch, Corinth, Rome, &c. and it is stranger still, if, as Epiphanius says (w), there was no church at Thyatira till after the writing of these letters: nothing can account for all this but their being prophetic, there being something in the number, names, situation, and case of these churches, which were emblematical of the state of the church in successive periods of time; to which may be added, that the epiphonema at the close of every epistle, "he that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches", shows that each epistle to every church is not designed for that church only, but for churches; and for what churches but for those who are represented in that period of time, since they must be unsuitable to one another? 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